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Somatic mutation profiling in BRCA-negative breast and ovarian cancer patients by multigene panel sequencing


ABSTRACT: Targeted therapeutic agents such as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP) inhibitors have emerged in treating cancers associated with germline BRCA mutations. Recently studies demonstrated the effectiveness of PARP inhibitors in treating patients with somatic BRCA mutations. Somatic mutations in 122 Chinese breast or ovarian cancer patients without BRCA, PTEN and TP53 mutations were screened using multigene sequencing panel. The five most frequent pathogenic or likely pathogenic mutated genes identified in breast cancer patients were PIK3CA (28.6%), TP53 (16.9%), MAP3K1 (14.3%), GATA3 (14.3%) and PTEN (5.2%). The five most frequently mutated genes identified in ovarian patients were TP53 (52.9%), KRAS (23.5%) and PIK3CA (11.8%), BRCA1 (5.9%) and RB1 (5.9%). Somatic PIK3CA and TP53 mutations were common events in both germline BRCA-negative breast and ovarian cancer patients. In contrast, somatic screening of BRCA mutations in BRCA-negative breast cancer patients has limited value. The results highlight the benefit of somatic testing to guide future research directions on other targeted therapies for breast and ovarian malignancies.

SUBMITTER: Kwong A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7539773 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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