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SlMYB102 expression enhances low-temperature stress resistance in tomato plants.

ABSTRACT: Herein, we identified the tomato SlMYB102 gene as a MYB family transcription factor of the R2R3-MYB subfamily. We additionally determined that the SlMYB102 promoter region contains photoresponsive, abiotic stress-responsive, and hormone-responsive regulatory elements, and we detected higher SlMYB102 expression in the reproductive organs of tomato than that in vegetative organs, with the expression being highest in ripe fruits and in roots. SlMYB102 expression was also shown to be cold-inducible. The protein encoded by SlMYB102 localized to the nucleus wherein it was found to mediate the transcriptional activation of target genes through its C-terminal domain. Overexpression of SlMYB102 in tomato plants conferred enhanced tolerance to cold stress. Under such cold stress conditions, we found that proline levels in the leaves of SlMYB102 overexpressing transgenic plants were higher than those in WT plants. In addition, S1MYB102 overexpression was associated with the enhanced expression of cold response genes including SlCBF1, SlCBF3, SlDREB1, SlDEB2, and SlICE1. We also found that the overexpression of SlMYB102 further enhanced the cold-induced upregulation of SlP5CS and SlAPX2. Taken together, these results suggest that SlMYB102 may be involved in the C-repeat binding transcription factor (CBF) and proline synthesis pathways, thereby improving tomato plant cold resistance.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7547593 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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