Dataset Information


Comparative Analysis of Volatile Compounds of Gamma-Irradiated Mutants of Rose (Rosa hybrida).

ABSTRACT: Roses are one of the most important floricultural crops, and their essential oils have long been used for cosmetics and aromatherapy. We investigated the volatile compound compositions of 12 flower-color mutant variants and their original cultivars. Twelve rose mutant genotypes were developed by treatment with 70 Gy of 60Co gamma irradiation of six commercial rose cultivars. Essential oils from the flowers of the 18 genotypes were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Seventy-seven volatile compounds were detected, which were categorized into six classes: Aliphatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic alcohols, aliphatic ester, aromatic compounds, terpene alcohols, and others. Aliphatic (hydrocarbons, alcohols, and esters) compounds were abundant categories in all rose flowers. The CR-S2 mutant had the highest terpene alcohols and oil content. Three (CR-S1, CR-S3, and CR-S4) mutant genotypes showed higher ester contents than their original cultivar. Nonacosane, 2-methylhexacosane, and 2-methyltricosane were major volatile compounds among all genotypes. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) of the rose genotypes gave four groups according to grouping among the 77 volatile compounds. In addition, the principal component analysis (PCA) model was successfully applied to distinguish most attractive rose lines. These findings will be useful for the selection of rose genotypes with improved volatile compounds.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7569881 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC9320630 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8700722 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6642625 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6272910 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6945444 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7026314 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5747468 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3596367 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6836064 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8779377 | BioStudies