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The GBA p.G85E mutation in Korean patients with non-neuronopathic Gaucher disease: founder and neuroprotective effects.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by a deficiency of ?-glucocerebrosidase, encoded by GBA. Haplotype analyses previously demonstrated founder effects for particular GBA mutations in Ashkenazi Jewish and French-Canadian populations. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and mutation spectrum of GBA in Korean GD patients and to identify founder effect of GBA p.G85E in non-neuronopathic GD patients. RESULTS:The study cohort included 62 GD patients from 58 unrelated families. Among them, 18 patients from 17 families harbored the p.G85E mutation. Haplotype analysis was performed for 9 probands and their parents for whom DNA samples were available. In 58 unrelated probands, the GBA mutation p.L483P was the most common (30/116 alleles, 26%), followed by p.G85E (16%), p.F252I (13%), and p.R296Q (9%). The median age at diagnosis of the 18 patients harboring the p.G85E mutation was 3.8 (range 1.2-57) years. No patients developed neurological symptoms during follow-up periods of 2.2-20.3 (median 13.9) years. The size of the shared haplotype containing GBA p.G85E was 732 kbp, leading to an estimated age of 3075 years. CONCLUSION:The GBA p.G85E mutation, which appears to be neuroprotective despite producing distinctive visceromegaly and skeletal symptoms, exhibited a potential founder effect in Korean GD patients.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7656680 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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