Dataset Information


In Silico Identification of SOX1 Post-Translational Modifications Highlights a Shared Protein Motif.

ABSTRACT: The transcription factor SOX1 is a key regulator of neural stem cell development, acting to keep neural stem cells (NSCs) in an undifferentiated state. Postnatal expression of Sox1 is typically confined to the central nervous system (CNS), however, its expression in non-neural tissues has recently been implicated in tumorigenesis. The mechanism through which SOX1 may exert its function is not fully understood, and studies have mainly focused on changes in SOX1 expression at a transcriptional level, while its post-translational regulation remains undetermined. To investigate this, data were extracted from different publicly available databases and analysed to search for putative SOX1 post-translational modifications (PTMs). Results were compared to PTMs associated with SOX2 in order to identify potentially key PTM motifs common to these SOXB1 proteins, and mapped on SOX1 domain structural models. This approach identified several putative acetylation, phosphorylation, glycosylation and sumoylation sites within known functional domains of SOX1. In particular, a novel SOXB1 motif (xKSExSxxP) was identified within the SOX1 protein, which was also found in other unrelated proteins, most of which were transcription factors. These results also highlighted potential phospho-sumoyl switches within this SOXB1 motif identified in SOX1, which could regulate its transcriptional activity. This analysis indicates different types of PTMs within SOX1, which may influence its regulatory role as a transcription factor, by bringing changes to its DNA binding capacities and its interactions with partner proteins. These results provide new research avenues for future investigations on the mechanisms regulating SOX1 activity, which could inform its roles in the contexts of neural stem cell development and cancer.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7696889 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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