Results: We show that the direction and magnitude of somatic selection of protein-coding mutations are significantly different for passenger genes, OGs and TSGs. Based on these patterns, we develop a new method (genes under selection in tumors) to discover OGs and TSGs in a cancer-type specific manner. Genes under selection in tumors shows a high accuracy (92%) when evaluated via strict cross-validations. Its application to 10 172 tumor exomes found known and novel cancer drivers with high tissue-specificities. In 11 out of 13 OGs shared among multiple cancer types, we found functional domains selectively engaged in different cancers, suggesting differences in disease mechanisms.
Availability and implementation: An R implementation of the GUST algorithm is available at https://github.com/liliulab/gust. A database with pre-computed results is available at https://liliulab.shinyapps.io/gust.
Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
SUBMITTER: Chandrashekar P