BackgroundTo analyze the type of ablation procedure, acute outcomes, and complications related to catheter ablation in Japan during the year of 2018.
MethodThe Japanese Catheter Ablation (J-AB) registry is a voluntary, nationwide, multicenter, prospective, observational registry, performed by the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society (JHRS) in collaboration with the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center using a Research Electronic Data Capture system. The procedural outcome and complications during hospitalizations were collected.
ResultA total of 55 525 procedures (mean age of 64.5 years and 66.5% male) from 369 hospitals were collected. The total number of target arrhythmias was 61 610 including atrial fibrillation (AF, 65.6%), atrial flutter (AFL) or atrial tachycardia (16.7%), atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (7.4%), atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (3.5%), premature ventricular contractions (4.1%), and ventricular tachycardia (VT, 2.0%). Over a 90% acute success rate was observed among all arrhythmias except for VT due to structural heart disease, and notably, an over 99% success rate was achieved for pulmonary vein isolation of AF and inferior vena cava-tricuspid valve isthmus block for isthmus-dependent AFL. Acute complications during hospitalization were observed in 1558 patients (2.8%), including major bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium: BARC criteria ?2) in 1.1%, cerebral or systemic embolisms in 0.2%, and death in 0.1%. Acute complications were more often observed with AF ablation (P < .001), especially the first AF ablation session and with structural heart disease (P < .001).
ConclusionThe J-AB registry provided real-world data regarding the acute outcomes and complications of ablation for the various types of arrhythmias in Japan.