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Lower dietary mineral intake is significantly associated with cervical cancer risk in a population-based cross-sectional study.

ABSTRACT: Population-based studies investigating the association between dietary mineral intake and risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cervical cancer in Chinese women are few. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of screening data obtained from 2,304 women in 2014 within an ongoing cohort study comprising 40,000 women in China. Dietary intake was assessed using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Nutrition intake was calculated using a 26-item list of food sources drawn from a validated, comprehensive database. All participants were surveyed through in-person interviews, physical examinations, and laboratory tests. The Pearson chi-square test was used for categorical variables. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between dietary mineral intake and CIN+ risk. The food frequency questionnaire exhibited acceptable reproducibility and reasonable validity in assessing nutrient intakes among these women. After adjusting for multiple potential confounders, low dietary calcium intake was associated with CIN2+ risk (first versus fourth quartile: odds ratio [OR]=1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-2.32). Similar for magnesium (OR=1.80, 95% CI: 1.20-2.68), phosphorus (OR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.12-2.55), zinc (OR=1.55, 95% CI: 1.03-2.34), and potassium (OR=1.92, 95% CI: 1.28-2.88). Low dietary intakes of calcium and potassium were significantly associated with CIN1 risk. Increased CIN2+ risk correlated with rates of no oral contraceptives and lower levels of dietary Potassium. These results thus proposed that low dietary mineral intake was an independent risk factor, potential synergy may exist between low dietary mineral levels and oral contraceptives contribute to the development of higher-grade CIN and cervical cancer.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7738836 | BioStudies | 2021-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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