AimTo examine the effects of an enteropeptidase inhibitor, SCO-792, on kidney function in rats.
Materials and methodsThe pharmacological effects of SCO-792 were evaluated in Wistar fatty (WF) rats, a rat model of diabetic kidney disease (DKD).
ResultsOral administration of SCO-792 increased faecal protein content and improved glycaemic control in WF rats. SCO-792 elicited a rapid decrease in urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR). SCO-792 also normalized glomerular hyperfiltration and decreased fibrosis, inflammation and tubular injury markers in the kidneys. However, pioglitazone-induced glycaemic improvement had no effect on kidney variables. Dietary supplementation of amino acids (AAs), which bypass the action of enteropeptidase inhibition, mitigated the effect of SCO-792 on UACR reduction, suggesting a pivotal role for enteropeptidase. Furthermore, autophagy activity in the glomerulus, which is impaired in DKD, was elevated in SCO-792-treated rats. Finally, a therapeutically additive effect on UACR reduction was observed with a combination of SCO-792 with irbesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker.
ConclusionsThis study is the first to demonstrate that enteropeptidase inhibition is effective in improving disease conditions in DKD. SCO-792-induced therapeutic efficacy is likely to be independent of glycaemic control and mediated by the regulation of AAs and autophagy. Taken together with a combination effect of irbesartan, SCO-792 may be a novel therapeutic option for patients with DKD.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC7756647 | BioStudies |