Downregulation of circ-TRPS1 suppressed prostatic cancer prognoses by regulating miR-124-3p/EZH2 axis-mediated stemness.
ABSTRACT: Abnormal circular RNA (circRNA) expression correlates with human traits such as many kinds of cancers. Though circRNAs have links to cancer, they have less characterization in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa), which is main reason for PCa mortality. Therefore, high-throughput sequencing was used for selected circRNA profiles. The result showed that circ-TRPS1 was upregulated significantly in high-grade PCa tissues or cell lines. High circ-TRPS1 expression correlated to aggressive PCa phenotypes. Knockdown of circ-TRPS1 suppressed PCa proliferation and metastasis through targeting miR-124-3p/EZH2 axis-mediated stemness in PCa, which was validated by luciferase reporter assays. EZH2 overexpression or miR-124-3p inhibition reversed the inhibition of circ-TRPS1 silencing in PCa cell migration and proliferation by recovering stemness. In summary, data demonstrated that circ-TRPS1 suppressed PCa progression through functioning similar to a miR-124-3p sponge to enhance EZH2 expression and cancer stem-like cell differentiation. Thus, circ-TRPS1 might be a candidate target for PCa treatment.
Project description:Background:The development of radioresistance remains the obstacle for prostate cancer (PCa) treatment. Here, we explored the role and potential mechanism of circular RNA zinc finger protein 609 (circ-ZNF609) in the radioresistance of PCa cells. Materials and Methods:Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of circ-ZNF609, microRNA-501-3p (miR-501-3p) and hexokinase 2 (HK2) messenger RNA (mRNA). The viability, apoptosis, metastasis and radioresistance of PCa cells were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, transwell assays and colony formation assay. The glycolytic rate was assessed through measuring the glucose consumption and lactate production using fluorescence-based glucose and lactate assay kits. The target interaction between miR-501-3p and circ-ZNF609 or HK2 was predicted by StarBase software and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. The protein level of HK2 was detected by Western blot assay. In vivo tumor growth assay was used to explore the role of circ-ZNF609 in the radioresistance of PCa in vivo. Results:Circ-ZNF609 was abnormally up-regulated in PCa tissues and cell lines. Circ-ZNF609 silencing hampered the viability, metastasis, radioresistance and promoted the apoptosis through suppressing cell glycolysis. MiR-501-3p was a direct target of circ-ZNF609, and si-circ-ZNF609-induced influence in PCa cells was partly alleviated by the addition of anti-miR-501-3p. MiR-501-3p functioned through directly interacting with and down-regulating HK2. HK2 was modulated by circ-ZNF609/miR-501-3p axis in PCa cells. Circ-ZNF609 silencing enhanced the radiosensitivity of PCa cells in vivo. Conclusion:Circ-ZNF609 promoted the progression and radioresistance of PCa cells through accelerating the glycolysis via miR-501-3p/HK2 axis, providing promising targets for improving the prognosis of PCa patients.
Project description:Background:Accumulating data indicated that circRNA plays important roles in regulating many biological processes of the tumor, the present study is designated for exploring roles of the circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 regulating axis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods:The regulation axis as predicted by using online tool circNet, the expression and correlation of circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 was verified in human HCC. The diagnostic value of both tumor and serum circ-ZEB1.33 was estimated by using clinical samples. The roles of circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 in regulating cell cycle were explored by using in vitro studies. Results:Overexpression of circ-ZEB1.33 and CDK6, downregulation of miR-200a-3p were detected in human HCC tissues, negative correlation between circ-ZEB1.33 and miR-200a-3p, positive correlation between circ-ZEB1.33 and CDK6 were confirmed in human HCC tissues. Tissue and serum circ-ZEB1.33 were related to different TMN stages and prognosis in HCC patients. RNA pull-down assay implied that circ-ZEB1.33 could decrease miR-200a-3p by sponging miR-200a-3p, and the luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-200a-3p could downregulate CDK6 transcription by targeting its 3'UTR. The in vitro assays indicated that circ-ZEB1.33 could promote the proliferation of HCC cells by increasing the percentage of S phase regulated by CDK6/Rb. Conclusion:Proliferation promotion roles of the circ-ZEB1.33-miR-200a-3p-CDK6 regulating axis are existed and verified in human HCC, both tumor and serum circ-ZEB1.33 can serve as an indicator for the prognosis of HCC patients.
Project description:Overactivation of ?-adrenergic receptor (?-AR) can improve cardiac function temporarily but promotes the development and mortality of heart failure (HF) in the long run. CircRNA, a member of noncoding RNAs, can tolerate digestion of exonuclease and be a chronic stimulator to cell. But the relationship of circRNA with HF remains a puzzle and needs to be explored. Here, we found that circ-HIPK3 affected the concentration of Ca2+ in cytoplasm by miR-17-3p through ADCY6 (Adenylate cyclase type 6). The increase of ADCY6 caused by circ-HIPK3 was ameliorated by miR-17-3p overexpression and vice versa, implicating the existence of circ-HIPK3 - miR-17-3p - ADCY6 axis. And further assays showed that the level of circ-HIPK3 in heart was upregulated by adrenaline via transcription factor CREB1 (cAMP responsive element-binding protein 1). Experiments in vivo showed downregulation of circ-HIPK3 can alleviate fibrosis and maintain cardiac function post MI in mice. In conclusion, the increased circ-HIPK3 can be a helper for adrenaline but was harmful for heart in the long run and might be an ideal therapeutic target of HF.
Project description:Researches have pointed that piplartine inhibits the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, however, the underlying mechanisms has not been well defined. Currently, more and more studies have pointed out that circRNAs can regulate tumor cell proliferation, involve in the tumorigenesis mechanism of various tumors. In this study, we explored whether piplartine may participate in the development of HCC through the regulation of ability of HCC cell proliferation by circRNA. Based on the chip analysis, we selected candidate circRNAs that are highly correlated with HCC. CircRNA expression in OSCC cells treated with piplartine was detected by qRT-PCR. We found that only the expression of hsa_circ_100338 (circ-100338) was observably reduced. The expression characteristics of circ-100338 in HCC cell lines were also verified by qRT-PCR. Subsequently, whether or notcirc-100338 can regulate ZEB1 via competitively binding to miR-141-3p was determined by the RIP assay and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The effect of the circ-100338/miR-141-3p/ZEB1 axis on the proliferation of HCC cell was tested by EdU and CCK-8 assay. Results showed that circ-100338 expression was observably increased in HCC cell lines. Simultaneously, circ-100338 can regulate the expression of ZEB1by competitively binding to miR-141-3p. Moreover high expression of circ-100338 can stimulate the proliferation of HCC cells. Our current study revealed that circ-100338 played as a ceRNA in promoting the progression of HCC by sponging miR-141-3p, while piplartine can participate in the development of HCC by inhibiting the expression of circ-100338.
Project description:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in many physiological functions. Whether circulating circRNAs serve as markers for coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Seven CAD-related microarray datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and were analyzed using clustering and functional enrichment to identify hub mRNAs and miRNAs. StarBase V3.0 and circinteractome databases were used to predict interactions between circRNAs and miRNAs whereas miRwalk and DIANA TOOLS were used to predict interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs. Altogether, this helped establish a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA triple network for diagnosis of CAD. Five non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) were identified in our study population with the use of quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR). The prognostic values of circYOD1, hsa-miR-21-3p and hsa-miR-296-3p were evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. A CAD circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network was established from our analyses containing one circRNA, four miRNAs and thirteen mRNAs. After performing RT-PCR validation between CAD and non-CAD samples, only three ncRNAs of five ncRNAs showed significance for further analysis. The area under ROC curve (AUC) of circ-YOD1 was 0.824, the AUC of hsa-miR-21-3p was 0.731 and hsa-miR-296-3p was 0.776. The pairwise comparison results showed that circ-YOD1 had statistical significance (PYOD1-21?<?0.01 and PYOD1-296?<?0.05). The results of functional enrichment analysis of interacting genes and microRNAs showed that the shared circ-YOD1 may act as a new biomarker for CAD. Our investigation of the triple regulatory networks of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA in CAD revealed circ-YOD1 as a potential biomarker for CAD.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) has high incidence and mortality rates worldwide; however, its detailed molecular pathology remains unclear. Although circRNAs have gradually been identified as molecules that are differentially expressed in tumors and play key roles in tumor progression, their role in LUAD is poorly understood. Through microarray analysis, we obtained the circRNA expression profile of LUAD and found that circ-HMGA2 (hsa_circ_0027446), a novel RNA, is highly expressed in LUAD. The high expression of circ-HMGA2 was further verified in 36 paired LUAD and adjacent normal tissues. Functionally, circ-HMGA2 promoted LUAD cell metastasis in vitro and in vivo. The luciferase reporter assay and FISH results showed that circ-HMGA2 interacts with miR-1236-3p and that miR-1236-3p interacts with ZEB1. In addition, miR-1236-3p was expressed at low levels in LUAD, inhibited LUAD cell metastasis, and suppressed the function of circ-HMGA2. ZEB1 is an EMT-promoting transcription factor. The PCR and WB analysis results showed that circ-HMGA2 promotes both ZEB1 expression and EMT. MiR-1236-3p had the opposite effect, reversing the promotive effect of circ-HMGA2 on EMT. In summary, circ-HMGA2 promotes LUAD cell metastasis through the miR-1236-3p/EMT axis, indicating that it could be a therapeutic target in LUAD.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Circular RNA (circRNA) is a type of circular endogenous RNA produced by special selective splicing and participates in progression of diverse diseases. However, the role of circRNA in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still rarely reported. METHODS:We detected lower circ-AKT3 expression in ccRCC using the circular RNA microarray. Then, qPCR array was applied to verify the expression of circ-AKT3 in between 60 ccRCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues, as well as ccRCC cell lines and human normal kidney cell (HK-2). We investigated the function of circ-AKT3 in ccRCC in vitro and in vivo and detected underlying mechanisms by Western blotting, bioinformatic analysis, RNA pull-down assay and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS:Circ-AKT3 was verified significantly downregulated in ccRCC. Knockdown of circ-AKT3 promoted ccRCC migration and invasion, while overexpression of circ-AKT3 suppressed ccRCC metastasis. Further, circ-AKT3/miR-296-3p/E-cadherin axis was shown responsible for circ-AKT3 inhibiting ccRCC metastasis. CONCLUSION:Circ-AKT3 suppresses ccRCC metastasis by enforcing E-cadherin expression through competitively binding miR-296-3p. Circ-AKT3 may therefore serve as a novel therapeutic to better suppress ccRCC metastasis.
Project description:<b>Objective:</b> Previous studies have demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play vital roles in pathological process of various diseases, including tumors. This study aimed at exploring the role and mechanism of circRNA RNA ZNF609 (circ-ZNF609) in the occurrence and development of glioma. <b>Materials and methods:</b> Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to measure the expression of circ-ZNF609, miRNA-1224-3p (miR-1224-3p) and Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in glioma tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, the association between circ-ZNF609 and clinical features of glioma was analyzed. CCK8 assay, EdU assay and Transwell assay were conducted to detect the effect of circ-ZNF609, miR-1224-3p and PLK1 on proliferation, migration and invasion in glioma cells. Then, we investigated the underlying mechanism of circ-ZNF609 by bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), qRT-PCR and western blotting assay. <b>Results:</b> Circ-ZNF609 was confirmed prominently upregulated in glioma. Inhibition of circ-ZNF609 could obviously suppress glioma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while overexpression of circ-ZNF609 promoted glioma growth and metastasis. <i>In vivo</i>, xenotransplanted tumor model also showed that overexpression of circ-ZNF609 could promote <i>in vivo</i> glioma growth. Mechanistically, circ-ZNF609 could promote PLK1 expression via binding to miR-1224-3p, circ-ZNF609/miR-1224-3p/PLK1 was shown responsible for circ-ZNF609 promoting glioma growth and metastasis. <b>Conclusion:</b> Together, our results revealed that circ-ZNF609 elevates glioma growth and metastasis via enforcing PLK1 expression by competitively binding miR-1224-3p, suggesting that circ-ZNF609 might be an underlying therapeutic target for glioma.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. CircRNA polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase 1 (circ-PNPT1) has been found to be abnormally expressed in GDM patients. However, function and mechanism of circ-PNPT1 in GDM remain largely undefined.<h4>Methods</h4>Levels of circ-PNPT1, microRNA (miR)-889-3p and PAK1 (p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 1) were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays. Cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined using cell counting kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, transwell and wound healing assays, respectively. The binding interaction between miR-889-3p and circ-PNPT1 or PAK1 was verified using dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down assays. Exosomes were obtained from culture media by the use of commercial kits and qualified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).<h4>Results</h4>Circ-PNPT1 was highly expressed in the placental tissues of GDM and high glucose (HG)-induced trophoblast cells. Knockdown of circ-PNPT1 reversed HG-induced arrest of trophoblast cell viability, migration, invasion and the promotion of cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, we confirmed circ-PNPT1 could promote the expression of PAK1, the target of miR-889-3p, by directly sponging miR-889-3p, and circ-PNPT1 regulated HG-induced trophoblast cell dysfunction by miR-889-3p/PAK1 axis. Further studies showed circ-PNPT1 was packaged into exosomes and could be internalized by surrounding trophoblast cells.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Circ-PNPT1 promoted HG-induced trophoblast cell biological dysfunction through miR-889-3p/PAK1 axis. Meanwhile, it could be transferred from HG-induced trophoblast cells to surrounding untreated cells via exosomes.
Project description:Numerous studies have shown that the expression of circular RNA (circRNA) is closely related to the malignant progression of cancer. However, the role of circ-MFN2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is unclear. Our study aims to explore the role and mechanism of circ-MFN2 in CRC progression. The relative expression levels of circ-MFN2, microRNA (miR)-574-3p and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell viability was determined using 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2 thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The colony number and radioresistance of cells were assessed using colony formation assay. Moreover, the migration and invasion of cells were measured using transwell assay. Tumor xenograft model was constructed to evaluate the effect of circ-MFN2 knockdown on CRC tumor growth. Furthermore, dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the interaction between miR-574-3p and circ-MFN2 or IGF1R. In addition, the protein level of IGF1R was evaluated by western blot (WB) analysis. Circ-MFN2 expression was elevated in CRC tissues and cells. Knockdown of circ-MFN2 restrained the proliferation, migration, invasion, and radioresistance of CRC cells <i>in vitro</i>. Furthermore, silenced circ-MFN2 also reduced the tumor volume and weight of CRC <i>in vivo</i>. MiR-574-3p could be sponged by circ-MFN2, and its inhibitor reversed the suppression effect of circ-MFN2 silencing on CRC progression. Moreover, IGF1R was a target of miR-574-3p, and its overexpression reversed the inhibition effect of miR-574-3p mimic on CRC progression. In addition, circ-MFN2 could positively regulate IGF1R expression by sponging miR-574-3p. Our results revealed that circ-MFN2 promoted the proliferation, metastasis and radioresistance of CRC through regulating the miR-574-3p/IGF1R axis, suggesting that circ-MFN2 might be a novel therapeutic biomarker for CRC.