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Identifying the p65-Dependent Effect of Sulforaphene on Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Progression via Bioinformatics Analysis.


ABSTRACT: Understanding the mechanism by which sulforaphene (SFE) affects esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) contributes to the application of this isothiocyanate as a chemotherapeutic agent. Thus, we attempted to investigate SFE regulation of ESCC characteristics more deeply. We performed gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) on microarray data of SFE-treated ESCC cells and found that differentially expressed genes are enriched in TNF?_Signaling_via_the_NF?B_Pathway. Coupled with the expression profile data from the GSE20347 and GSE75241 datasets, we narrowed the set to 8 genes, 4 of which (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10), TNF alpha induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3), inhibin subunit beta A (INHBA), and plasminogen activator, urokinase (PLAU)) were verified as the targets of SFE. RNA-sequence (RNA-seq) data of 182 ESCC samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were grouped into two phenotypes for GSEA according to the expression of CXCL10, TNFAIP3, INHBA, and PLAU. The enrichment results proved that they were all involved in the NF?B pathway. ChIP-seq analyses obtained from the Cistrome database indicated that NF?B-p65 is likely to control the transcription of CXCL10, TNFAIP3, INHBA, and PLAU, and considering TNFAIP3 and PLAU are the most significantly differentially expressed genes, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation-polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-PCR) to verify the regulation of p65 on their expression. The results demonstrated that SFE suppresses ESCC progression by down-regulating TNFAIP3 and PLAU expression in a p65-dependent manner.

SUBMITTER: Han S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7793474 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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