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PDGFR? mediated survival of myofibroblasts inhibit satellite cell proliferation during aberrant regeneration of lacerated skeletal muscle.

ABSTRACT: Aberrant regeneration or fibrosis in muscle is the denouement of deregulated cellular and molecular events that alter original tissue architecture due to accumulation of excessive extracellular matrix. The severity of the insult to the skeletal muscle determines the nature of regeneration. Numerous attempts at deciphering the mechanism underlying fibrosis and the subsequent strategies of drug therapies have yielded temporary solutions. Our intent is to understand the interaction between the myofibroblasts (MFs) and the satellite cells (SCs), during skeletal muscle regeneration. We hypothesize that MFs contribute to the impairment of SCs function by exhibiting an antagonistic influence on their proliferation. A modified laceration based skeletal muscle injury model in mouse was utilized to evaluate the dynamics between the SCs and MFs during wound healing. We show that the decline in MFs' number through inhibition of PDGFR? signaling consequently promotes proliferation of the SCs and exhibits improved skeletal muscle remodeling. We further conclude that in situ administration of PDGFR? inhibitor prior to onset of fibrosis may attenuate aberrant regeneration. This opens new possibility for the early treatment of muscle fibrosis by specific targeting of MFs rather than transplantation of SCs.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7794387 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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