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Effect of postoperative corticosteroids on surgical outcome and aqueous autotaxin following combined cataract and microhook ab interno trabeculotomy.

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of postoperative corticosteroids on surgical outcome and autotaxin (ATX) levels after microhook ab interno trabeculotomy combined with cataract surgery (?LOT-CS), prospective, consecutive non-randomized case series comparing outcomes of 30 eyes with primary open angle glaucoma was performed. The aqueous ATX, intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma medications were monitored for 3 months postoperatively. An in-vivo mouse ?LOT model was generated. In vitro, ATX and fibrotic changes induced by dexamethasone (Dex) treatment following scratch (S) in cultured human trabecular meshwork (hTM) cells were assessed by immunofluorescence, immunoenzymatic assay, and RT-qPCR. Postoperative ATX at 1 week and the number of antiglaucoma medications at 3 months were significantly lower in non-steroid group, and steroid use was the only variable significantly associated with postoperative medications at 3 months in multiregression analyses. In vitro, ATX activity was significantly upregulated in the Dex?+?S group, and ?SMA was significantly upregulated in the Dex and Dex?+?S groups. Fibronectin and COL1A1 were significantly upregulated in the S group. ?LOT-CS decreased IOP and medications in the overall cohort, and non-use of postoperative steroids resulted in a smaller number of postoperative medications. Limiting postoperative steroids in ?LOT may minimize IOP elevation and postoperative fibrosis.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7804433 | BioStudies | 2021-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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