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Intrafractional motion in stereotactic body radiotherapy of spinal metastases utilizing cone beam computed tomography image guidance.


ABSTRACT:

Background and purpose

Spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) requires a high degree of accuracy due to steep dose gradients close to the spinal cord. This study aimed to (1) evaluate intrafractional motion in spine SBRT utilizing flattening filter free (FFF) beam delivery and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) image guidance and (2) evaluate if adding another CBCT acquisition and corrections prior to treatment improves the overall position accuracy.

Materials and methods

Intrafractional motion was retrospectively analyzed for 78 fractions in 54 patients. All patients were immobilized with an evacuated cushion. Before treatment, a CBCT was acquired, a bony fusion with the planning CT was performed and translational and rotational errors were corrected. For 30 of the patients (39 fractions) acquisition of another CBCT and corrections were performed before treatment. A post treatment CBCT was acquired for all patients, and translational and rotational errors measured by fusion of the post treatment CBCT with the planning CT were recorded to calculate means and standard deviations (SDs).

Results

The positional errors were significantly smaller in 4 out of 6 error values in the patient group treated with verification CBCT. In this group, translational and rotational SDs ranged from 0.5 to 0.6?mm and 0.3°, respectively. Corresponding values in the group treated without verification CBCT were 0.7-1.0?mm and 0.4-0.7°.

Conclusion

With proper CBCT image guidance, patient immobilization and FFF-beam delivery, one can obtain very high patient position accuracy in spine SBRT. Inclusion of a verification CBCT prior to treatment increases the overall position accuracy.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7807636 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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