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Development of Anhydrous Ethanol Purification: Reduction of Acetal Content and Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Study of the Ethanol-Acetal Binary System.


ABSTRACT: Acetaldehyde diethyl acetal (herein called acetal) is an important pollutant of anhydrous ethanol. Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) of an ethanol-acetal binary system was measured using a vapor condensate and liquid circulation VLE still. The experimental data were correlated with Wilson, nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL), and universal quasichemical (UNIQUAC) activity coefficient models, which were found suitable for representing the VLE data. Proper agreements between experimental and calculated VLE data were obtained, which were then confirmed with consistency tests. The applicability of the novel VLE data was demonstrated during an investigation of an anhydrous ethanol purification column. Reduction of the concentration of acetal and other pollutants was examined and optimized in a flowsheet environment. The modeling results were verified in a laboratory with an experimental distillation column, confirming a correct agreement between the results. It must be highlighted that the developed method is suitable for the production of pharmacopeial quality anhydrous alcohol, based on reliable, verified VLE data. The results show the importance of accurate VLE data in critical compositions (low pollutant content); moreover, aiming at high product purity, experimental validation has paramount importance. The consistency between the three platforms (VLE and distillation experiments and flowsheet simulation) confirms the accuracy of the developed method.

SUBMITTER: Haaz E 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7818642 | BioStudies | 2021-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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