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Effect of Chronic Western Diets on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver of Male Mice Modifying the PPAR-? Pathway via miR-27b-5p Regulation.

ABSTRACT: Western diets contribute to metabolic diseases. However, the effects of various diets and epigenetic mechanisms are mostly unknown. Here, six week-old C57BL/6J male and female mice were fed with a low-fat diet (LFD), high-fat diet (HFD), and high-fat high-fructose diet (HFD-HF) for 20 weeks. We determined that HFD-HF or HFD mice experienced significant metabolic dysregulation compared to the LFD. HFD-HF and HFD-fed male mice showed significantly increased body weight, liver size, and fasting glucose levels with downregulated PPAR?, SCD1, and FAS protein expression. In contrast, female mice were less affected by HFD and HFD-HF. As miR-27b contains a seed sequence in PPAR?, it was discovered that these changes are accompanied by male-specific upregulation of miR-27b-5p, which is even more pronounced in the HFD-HF group (p < 0.01 vs. LFD) compared to the HFD group (p < 0.05 vs. LFD). Other miR-27 subtypes were increased but not significantly. HFD-HF showed insignificant changes in fibrosis markers when compared to LFD. Interestingly, fat ballooning in hepatocytes was increased in HFD-fed mice compared to HFD-HF fed mice, however, the HFD-HF liver showed an increase in the number of small cells. Here, we concluded that chronic Western diet-composition administered for 20 weeks may surpass the non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) stage but may be at an intermediate stage between fatty liver and fibrosis via miR-27b-5p-induced PPAR? downregulation.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7917964 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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