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Complement C4A Regulates Autoreactive B Cells in Murine Lupus.


ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a severe autoimmune disease mediated by pathogenic autoantibodies. While complement protein C4 is associated with SLE, its isoforms (C4A and C4B) are not equal in their impact. Despite being 99% homologous, genetic studies identified C4A as more protective than C4B. By generating gene-edited mouse strains expressing either human C4A or C4B and crossing these with the 564lgi lupus strain, we show that, overall, C4A-like 564Igi mice develop less humoral autoimmunity than C4B-like 564Igi mice. This includes a decrease in the number of GCs, autoreactive B cells, autoantibodies, and memory B cells. The higher efficiency of C4A in inducing self-antigen clearance is associated with the follicular exclusion of autoreactive B cells. These results explain how the C4A isoform is protective in lupus and suggest C4A as a possible replacement therapy in lupus.

SUBMITTER: Simoni L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7927756 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): P36600

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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