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Preparation of a Novel Millet Straw Biochar-Bentonite Composite and Its Adsorption Property of Hg2+ in Aqueous Solution.


ABSTRACT: The remediation of mercury (Hg) contaminated soil and water requires the continuous development of efficient pollutant removal technologies. To solve this problem, a biochar-bentonite composite (CB) was prepared from local millet straw and bentonite using the solution intercalation-composite heating method, and its physical and chemical properties and micromorphology were then studied. The prepared CB and MB (modified biochar) had a maximum adsorption capacity for Hg2+ of 11.722 and 9.152 mg·g-1, respectively, far exceeding the corresponding adsorption value of biochar and bentonite (6.541 and 2.013 mg·g-1, respectively).The adsorption of Hg2+ on the CB was characterized using a kinetic model and an isothermal adsorption line, which revealed that the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isothermal model well represented the adsorption of Hg2+ on the CB, indicating that the adsorption was mainly chemical adsorption of the monolayer. Thermodynamic experiments confirmed that the adsorption process of Hg2+ by the CB was spontaneous and endothermic. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that after Hg2+ was adsorbed by CB, functional groups, such as the -OH group (or C=O, COO-, C=C) on the CB, induced complexation between Hg and -O-, and part of Hg (ii) was reduced Hg (i), resulting in the formation of single or double tooth complexes of Hg-O- (or Hg-O-Hg). Therefore, the prepared composite (CB) showed potential application as an excellent adsorbent for removing heavy metal Hg2+ from polluted water compared with using any one material alone.

SUBMITTER: Bai Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7957562 | BioStudies | 2021-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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