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Novel biallelic variant in BBS9 causative of Bardet-Biedl syndrome: expanding the spectrum of disease-causing genetic alterations.


ABSTRACT:

Background

Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathy disorder. Many BBS disease-causing genetic variants have been identified due to the advancement of molecular diagnostic tools. We report on a novel pathogenic variant in a consanguineous Pakistani family with an affected child.

Case presentation

Clinical exome sequencing was used to search for BBS causing variants in the affected individual and identified a novel homozygous splice-site variant in the BBS9 gene (c.702 + 1del). Sanger sequencing was performed for variant validation and segregation studies. Expression analysis using mRNA levels to assess the functional impact of the novel variant demonstrated skipping of exon 7 in the affected alleles, suggesting a truncating effect. Three-dimensional structural modelling was used to predict pathogenicity of the variant residue and the alteration leads to a partial deletion of the PHTB1_N domain and a total deletion of the PHTB1_C domain.

Conclusion

The study of this case expands the spectrum of biallelic variants in the BBS9 gene associated with BBS and increased the knowledge on the molecular consequences of splicing variation c.702 + 1del.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7995718 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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