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Cell volume homeostatically controls the rDNA repeat copy number and rRNA synthesis rate in yeast.

ABSTRACT: The adjustment of transcription and translation rates to the changing needs of cells is of utmost importance for their fitness and survival. We have previously shown that the global transcription rate for RNA polymerase II in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated in relation to cell volume. Total mRNA concentration is constant with cell volume since global RNApol II-dependent nascent transcription rate (nTR) also keeps constant but mRNA stability increases with cell size. In this paper, we focus on the case of rRNA and RNA polymerase I. Contrarily to that found for RNA pol II, we detected that RNA polymerase I nTR increases proportionally to genome copies and cell size in polyploid cells. In haploid mutant cells with larger cell sizes, the rDNA repeat copy number rises. By combining mathematical modeling and experimental work with the large-size cln3 strain, we observed that the increasing repeat copy number is based on a feedback mechanism in which Sir2 histone deacetylase homeostatically controls the amplification of rDNA repeats in a volume-dependent manner. This amplification is paralleled with an increase in rRNA nTR, which indicates a control of the RNA pol I synthesis rate by cell volume.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8055003 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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