BackgroundPatients with potential small bowel bleeding (PSBB) who have negative results of video capsule endoscopy (VCE), clinical course, rate of rebleeding, and missed lesions with their predictors are essential for further management decision.
MethodsThis retrospective study included patients presenting with PSBB who had negative VCE findings between January 2008 and December 2016. All patients had to have at least two years of follow-up data to be included. Patients with <2 years of follow-up in their medical record were interviewed by telephone to determine if any unrecorded rebleeding episodes occurred.
ResultsOne hundred forty-two patients were included. The mean age was 60.9 years, and 52.8% were male. Eighty-one patients presented with overt bleeding. The median duration of follow-up was 5.08 years. During the follow-up period, 30 patients experienced rebleeding. The cumulative rate of rebleeding at 1, 2, and 5 years was 10.0%, 14.3%, and 22.4%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and presentation of overt bleeding to be independent predictors of rebleeding. There were only nine small bowel lesions (6.3%) missed by VCE. These nine patients, compared with others, were significantly younger and tended to present with overt bleeding.
ConclusionRebleeding was not uncommon in PSBB after negative VCE; however, the rate of missing small bowel lesions was low. Nonetheless, further investigations may be considered in young patients who present with overt bleeding.