Pseudoprevotella muciniphila gen. nov., sp. nov., a mucin-degrading bacterium attached to the bovine rumen epithelium.
ABSTRACT: A Gram-negative, strictly anaerobic mucin-degrading bacterium, which we designated strain E39T, was isolated from the rumen epithelium of Korean cattle. The cells were non-motile and had a coccus morphology. Growth of strain E39T was observed at 30-45°C (optimum, 39°C), pH 6.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 7.5), and in the presence of 0.0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.0-0.5%). Strain E39T contained C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 ω9c, iso-C15:0, and anteiso-C15:0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipid, and unidentified lipids. The major respiratory isoprenoid quinones were MK-8 and MK-9. The major fermented end-products of mucin were acetate and succinate. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 46.4 mol%. Strain E39T was most closely related to Alloprevotella rava 81/4-12T with an 87.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and molecular properties, strain E39T represents a novel genus of the family Prevotellaceae; as such, the name Pseudoprevotella muciniphila gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. A functional annotation of the whole genome sequences of P. muciniphila E39T revealed that this bacterium has a putative mucin-degrading pathway and biosynthetic pathways of extracellular polymeric substances and virulence factors which enable bacteria to adhere to the epithelial cells and avoid the host's immune responses.
Project description:A novel Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium, which we designated as strain 03113T, was isolated from greenhouse soil in Beijing, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed strain 03113T is in the genus Bacillus and had the highest similarity to Bacillus solani CCTCC AB 2014277T (98.14%). The strain grew at 4 °C-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), with 0-10% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 5%), and in the range of pH 3.0-12.0 (optimum pH 8.0). Menaquinone was identified as MK-7, and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. The main major cellular fatty acids detected were anteiso-C15:0 (51.35%) and iso-C15:0 (11.06%), which are the predominant cellular fatty acids found in all recognized members of the genus Bacillus. The 16S rRNA gene sequence and core-genome analysis, the average nucleotide identity (ANI), and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) value between strain 03113T and the most closely related species were 70.5% and 22.6%, respectively, which supported our conclusion that 03113T represented a novel species in the genus Bacillus. We demonstrated that type strain 03113T (=ACCC 03113T=JCM 33017T) was a novel species in the genus Bacillus, and the name Bacillus telluris sp. nov. was proposed. Strain 03113T secreted auxin IAA and carried the nitrogenase iron protein (nifH) gene, which indicated that strain 03113T has the potential to fix nitrogen and promote plant growth. Bacillus telluris sp. nov. 03113T is a potential candidate for the biofertilizers of organic agriculture areas.
Project description:The family Gemmataceae accommodates aerobic, chemoorganotrophic planctomycetes, which inhabit various freshwater ecosystems, wetlands and soils. Here, we describe a novel member of this family, strain PX52T, which was isolated from a boreal eutrophic lake in Northern Russia. This isolate formed pink-pigmented colonies and was represented by spherical cells that occurred singly, in pairs or aggregates and multiplied by budding. Daughter cells were highly motile. PX52T was an obligate aerobic chemoorganotroph, which utilized various sugars and some heteropolysaccharides. Growth occurred at pH 5.0-7.5 (optimum pH 6.5) and at temperatures between 10 and 30?°C (optimum 20-25?°C). The major fatty acids were C18?:?1?7c, C18?:?0 and ?OH-C16:0; the major intact polar lipid was trimethylornithine, and the quinone was MK-6. The complete genome of PX52T was 9.38?Mb in size and contained nearly 8000 potential protein-coding genes. Among those were genes encoding a wide repertoire of carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) including 33 glycoside hydrolases (GH) and 87 glycosyltransferases (GT) affiliated with 17 and 12 CAZy families, respectively. DNA G+C content was 65.6?mol%. PX52T displayed only 86.0-89.8?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to taxonomically described Gemmataceae planctomycetes and differed from them by a number of phenotypic characteristics and by fatty acid composition. We, therefore, propose to classify it as representing a novel genus and species, Limnoglobus roseus gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is strain PX52T (=KCTC 72397T=VKM B-3275T).
Project description:A novel anaerobic, mesophilic, amino-acid-fermenting bacterium, designated strain CL-84(T), was isolated from the swine intestinal tract on mucin-based media. Cells were curved rods (0.8-1.2 × 3.5-5.0 µm), stained Gram-negative and were non-motile with no evidence of spores. Strain CL-84(T) produced acetate, propionate, formate and butyrate as the end products of metabolism when grown on serine. Optimum growth occurred at 39 °C and pH 6.5. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3-OH, iso-C17:0 and C16:0, distinguishing strain CL-84(T) from closely related species. The DNA G+C content of strain CL-84(T) was 55.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain CL-84(T) shared 90-95% similarity with characterized genera within the phylum Synergistetes, family Synergistaceae. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain CL-84(T) was related to, but distinct from, Cloacibacillus evryensis. Based on these findings, we propose that strain CL-84(T) represents a novel species of the genus Cloacibacillus. We further propose the name Cloacibacillus porcorum sp. nov. be designated for this species. The type strain is CL-84(T) (=DSM 25858(T)=CCUG 62631(T)). An emended description of the genus Cloacibacillus is provided.
Project description:A novel Gram-negative bacterium, designated ZWT, was isolated from a soil sample of the Western Desert of China, and its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic position were investigated using a polyphasic approach. Growth occurred on TGY medium at 5-42°C with an optimum of 30°C, and at pH 7.0-11.0 with an optimum of pH 9.0. The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1?7c/C16:1?6c or C16:1?6c/C16:1?7c) (39.22%), iso-C15:0 (27.91%), iso-C17:0 3OH (15.21%), C16:0 (4.98%), iso-C15:0 3OH (3.03%), C16:0 3OH (5.39%) and C14:0 (1.74%). The major polar lipid of strain ZWT is phosphatidylethanolamine. The only menaquinone observed was MK-7. The GC content of the DNA of strain ZWT is 44.9 mol%. rDNA phylogeny, genome relatedness and chemotaxonomic characteristics all indicate that strain ZWT represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium. We propose the name S. deserti sp. nov., with ZWT (= KCTC 32092T = ACCC 05744T) as the type strain. Whole genome optical mapping and next-generation sequencing was used to derive a finished genome sequence for strain ZWT, consisting of a circular chromosome of 4,615,818 bp in size. The genome of strain ZWT features 3,391 protein-encoding and 48 tRNA-encoding genes. Comparison of the predicted proteome of ZWT with those of other sphingobacteria identified 925 species-unique proteins that may contribute to the adaptation of ZWT to its native, extremely arid and inhospitable environment. As the first finished genome sequence for any Sphingobacterium, our work will serve as a useful reference for subsequent sequencing and mapping efforts for additional strains and species within this genus.
Project description:A novel nocardioform strain, CICC 11023T, was isolated from a tissue biopsy of neck lesions of a patient with primary cutaneous nocardiosis and characterized to establish its taxonomic position. The morphological, biochemical, physiological and chemotaxonomic properties of strain CICC 11023T were consistent with classification in the genus Nocardia. Whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, arabinose and fructose. Mycolic acids were present. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids, and the predominant menaquinone was cyclo MK-8 (H4, ?-cyclo). The main fatty acids (>5?%) were C18?:?0 10-methyl (TBSA), C16?:?0, summed feature 4 (C16?:?1 trans 9/C15?:?0 iso 2OH), C15?:?0 and C17?:?0 10-methyl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate is most closely related (>98?% similarity) to the type strains Nocardia ninae OFN 02.72T, Nocardia iowensis UI 122540T and Nocardia alba YIM 30243T, and phylogenetic analysis of gyrB gene sequences showed similarity (89.1-92.2?%) to Nocardia vulneris NBRC 108936T, Nocardia brasiliensis IFM 0236T and Nocardia exalbida IFM 0803T. DNA-DNA hybridization results for strain CICC 11023T compared to Nocardia type strains ranged from 20.4 to 35.4?%. The genome of strain CICC 11023T was 8.78 Mbp with a G+C content of 67.4?mol% overall. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain CICC 11023T and N. alba YIM 30243T were low (OrthoANIu=77.47?%), and the ANI values between strain CICC 11023T and N. vulneris NBRC 108936 T were low (OrthoANIu=83.75 %). Consequently, strain CICC 11023T represents a novel Nocardia species on the basis of this polyphasic study, for which the name Nocardia colli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CICC 11023T (=KCTC 39837T).
Project description:A pure culture of an actinobacterium previously described as 'Candidatus Rhodoluna lacicola' strain MWH-Ta8 was established and deposited in two public culture collections. Strain MWH-Ta8(T) represents a free-living planktonic freshwater bacterium obtained from hypertrophic Meiliang Bay, Lake Taihu, PR China. The strain was characterized by phylogenetic and taxonomic investigations, as well as by determination of its complete genome sequence. Strain MWH-Ta8(T) is noticeable due to its unusually low values of cell size (0.05 µm(3)), genome size (1.43 Mbp), and DNA G+C content (51.5 mol%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and RpoB sequences suggested that strain MWH-Ta8(T) is affiliated with the family Microbacteriaceae with Pontimonas salivibrio being its closest relative among the currently described species within this family. Strain MWH-Ta8(T) and the type strain of Pontimonas salivibrio shared a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 94.3?%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain MWH-Ta8(T) was of type B2? (B10), containing 2,4-diaminobutyric acid as the diamino acid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15?:?0 (36.5?%), iso-C16?:?0 (16.5?%), iso-C15?:?0 (15.6?%) and iso-C14?:?0 (8.9?%), and the major (>10?%) menaquinones were MK-11 and MK-12. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unknown glycolipids. The combined phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data clearly suggest that strain MWH-Ta8(T) represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Microbacteriaceae, for which the name Rhodoluna lacicola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is MWH-Ta8(T) (?=?DSM 23834(T)?=?LMG 26932(T)).
Project description:An isolate, designated SPSPC-11T, with an optimum growth temperature of about 50?°C and an optimum pH for growth between 7.5 and 8.0, was recovered from a hot spring in central Portugal. Based on phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA sequence, the new organism is most closely related to the species of the genus Thermonema but with a pairwise sequence similarity of <85?%. The isolate was orange-pigmented, formed non-motile long filaments and rod-shaped cells that stain Gram-negative. The organism was strictly aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15?:?0 2-OH and iso-C17?:?0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were one aminophospholipid, two aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. Menaquinone 7 was the major respiratory quinone. The DNA G+C?content of strain SPSPC-11T was 37.6?mol% (draft genome sequence). The high quality draft genome sequence corroborated many of the phenotypic characteristics of strain SPSPC-11T. Based on genotypic, phylogenetic, physiological and biochemical characterization we describe a new species of a novel genus represented by strain SPSPC-11T (=CECT 9012T=LMG 29233T) for which we propose the name Raineya orbicola gen. nov., sp. nov. We also describe the family Raineyaceae to accommodate this new genus and species.
Project description:(1) Background: Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 derived from seawater produces lydicamycin and its congeners. We aimed to investigate its taxonomic status; (2) Methods: A polyphasic approach and whole genome analysis are employed; (3) Results: Strain TP-A0598 contained ll-diaminopimelic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, and alanine in its peptidoglycan. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8), and the major fatty acids were C16:0, iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, and anteiso-C15:0. Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 showed a 16S rDNA sequence similarity value of 99.93% (1 nucleottide difference) to Streptomyces angustmyceticus NRRL B-2347T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridisation value between Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and its closely related type strains was 25%-46%. Differences in phenotypic characteristics between Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and its phylogenetically closest relative, S. angustmyceticus NBRC 3934T, suggested strain TP-A0598 to be a novel species. Streptomyces sp. TP-A0598 and S. angustmyceticus NBRC 3934T harboured nine and 13 biosynthetic gene clusters for polyketides and nonribosomal peptides, respectively, among which only five clusters were shared between them, whereas the others are specific for each strain; and (4) Conclusions: For strain TP-A0598, the name Streptomyces lydicamycinicus sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is TP-A0598T (=NBRC 110027T).
Project description:A novel actinomycete producing heliquinomycin and 9'-methoxy-heliquinomycin, designated strain jys28T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Pinus yunnanensis and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties identical to those of members of the genus Streptomyces. It formed spiral chains of spores with spiny surfaces. The menaquinones detected were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C15:0, C16:1ω7с and anteiso-C15:0. The phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The DNA G + C content of the draft genome sequence, consisting of 8.5 Mbp, was 70.6%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain jys28T belongs to the genus Streptomyces with the highest sequence similarities to Streptomyces chattanoogensis NBRC 13058T (99.2%) and Streptomyces lydicus DSM 40002T (99.2%) and phylogenetically clustered with them. Multilocus sequence analysis based on five other house-keeping genes (atpD, gyrB, rpoB, recA and trpB) and the low level of DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic differences allowed the novel isolate to be differentiated from its most closely related strains. Therefore, the strain is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces piniterrae sp. nov. is proposed. Furthermore, the putative biosynthetic gene cluster of heliquinomycins was identified and the biosynthetic pathway was discussed. The type strain is jys28T (=CCTCC AA 2018051T =DSM 109823T).
Project description:A Gram-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HH06T, was isolated from a nodule of Astragalus chrysopterus in northwestern China. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain is closely related to Nocardioides alpinus Cr7-14T and Nocardioides furvisabuli DSM 18445T with 98.5 and 98.1% similiarity, respectively. Growth was observed at 4-28 °C in R2A medium (optimum at 25 °C), at 10-30 °C in YMA and LB medium (optimum in both at 28 °C) and at pH 5.0-10.0 in R2A medium (optimum at pH 7.0-8.0). The cell wall peptidoglycan was found to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid as the principal diamino acid and MK-8(H4) was identified as the predominant menaquinone. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0 (32.8%) and C18:1 ?9c (15.1%). The DNA G+C content of strain HH06T was determined to be 71.4 mol%. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic properties and DNA-DNA relatedness, it is concluded that strain HH06T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides astragali sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HH06T (= CGMCC 4.7327T = NBRC 112322T).