Dataset Information


The microRNA target site landscape is a novel molecular feature associating alternative polyadenylation with immune evasion activity in breast cancer.

ABSTRACT: Alternative polyadenylation (APA) in breast tumor samples results in the removal/addition of cis-regulatory elements such as microRNA (miRNA) target sites in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTRs) of genes. Although previous computational APA studies focused on a subset of genes strongly affected by APA (APA genes), we identify miRNAs of which widespread APA events collectively increase or decrease the number of target sites [probabilistic inference of microRNA target site modification through APA (PRIMATA-APA)]. Using PRIMATA-APA on the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) breast cancer data, we found that the global APA events change the number of the target sites of particular microRNAs [target sites modified miRNA (tamoMiRNA)] enriched for cancer development and treatments. We also found that when knockdown (KD) of NUDT21 in HeLa cells induces a different set of widespread 3'-UTR shortening than TCGA breast cancer data, it changes the target sites of the common tamoMiRNAs. Since the NUDT21 KD experiment previously demonstrated the tumorigenic role of APA events in a miRNA dependent fashion, this result suggests that the APA-initiated tumorigenesis is attributable to the miRNA target site changes, not the APA events themselves. Further, we found that the miRNA target site changes identify tumor cell proliferation and immune cell infiltration to the tumor microenvironment better than the miRNA expression levels or the APA events themselves. Altogether, our computational analyses provide a proof-of-concept demonstration that the miRNA target site information indicates the effect of global APA events with a potential as predictive biomarker.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8138879 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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