MethodsPatients selected for DIEP breast reconstruction were prospectively included in the study. Preoperative perforator mapping was performed with CTA and handheld Doppler ultrasound. In general anesthesia, perforasome perfusion was evaluated with ICG-FA and IRT both before surgery and after flap dissection with preserved dominant perforators.
ResultsThirty hemi-DIEP flaps were dissected in 15 patients (average BMI 26.6 kg/m2), of which 40% had been operated on in the lower abdomen. Fluorescence spots from ICG were associated with infrared radiation hotspots on IRT and these corresponded with the locations of the selected perforators. IRT and ICG-FA demonstrated similar patterns in perforasome perfusion before and after perforator dissection. Perforator dissection changed the perforasome perfusion. IRT made it possible to continuously monitor the perforator activity during surgery. ICG-FA easily identified areas with impaired flap perfusion due to previous surgery.
ConclusionsPerforasome perfusion is a dynamic process that changes with perforator dissection. ICG-FA and IRT are reproducible techniques for in vivo evaluation of perforasome perfusion and produce comparable results.