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Impacts of ceftriaxone exposure during pregnancy on maternal gut and placental microbiota and its influence on maternal and offspring immunity in mice.

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the association between microbiota found in the maternal gut and placenta, and whether ceftriaxone exposure during pregnancy could alter these microbiota, and consequently affect the immunity of the mothers and their offspring. The microbiota in the feces and placenta of the dams were comprehensively analyzed using16S rRNA sequencing. Furthermore, viable bacteria in the placentas and blood of pups were also isolated by plate cultivation then taxonomically identified in detail by clone sequencing. Serum cytokines collected from dams and pups were quantitatively profiled using Luminex. The spleen organ index of dams was significantly lower and the offspring serum interleukin-6 levels were significantly higher in ceftriaxone-treated mice compared with the control group. The maternal fecal microbiota community was drastically altered in ceftriaxone-treated mice with significantly decreased diversity, depletion of Bacteroidetes and the blooming of Tenericutes. However, the placenta microbiota was dominated by Proteobacteria especially characteristically by Ralstonia, which was distinct from the maternal gut microbiota, regardless of whether ceftriaxone treatment or not. Viable bacteria have been found in placenta and blood cultures. These results indicated that ceftriaxone exposure in pregnancy could dramatically alter maternal intestinal microbiota, which affected the immunity of the mothers and their offspring at least partly, characteristically by enhanced pro-inflammatory responses. This study also indicated that the placenta might harbor its own microbes and the microbes were distinct from maternal gut microbiota, which may not be affected by oral administration of ceftriaxone during pregnancy.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8150239 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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