Dataset Information


Exosomal transfer of miR-429 confers chemoresistance in epithelial ovarian cancer.

ABSTRACT: The development of multidrug resistance during chemotherapy is the main obstacle for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) treatment. Exosomal transfer of carcinogenic microRNAs (miRNAs) might strengthen chemoresistance in recipient cells. Here, we identified through microarray analysis higher miR-429 expression in multidrug-resistant SKOV3 cells and their secreted exosomes (SKOV3-EXO) than in sensitive A2780 cells and their secreted exosomes. SKOV3-derived exosomes were internalized by A2780 cells, which permitted the transfer of miR-429. Exosomal miR-429 enhanced the proliferation and drug resistance of A2780 cells by targeting calcium-sensing receptor (CASR)/STAT3 pathway in vitro and in vivo. In addition, NF-κB-p65 was predicted to bind to the miR-429 promoter region, and the inhibition of NF-κB reduced the expression of miR-429 and led to the sensitivity of EOC cells. Consistently, A2780 cells co-incubated with SKOV3 pretreated with an NF-κB inhibitor or miR-429 antagomir showed sensitivity to cisplatin and exhibited attenuated cell proliferation. Based on our data, exosomal miR-429 functions as a primary regulator of the chemoresistance and malignant phenotypes of EOC by targeting CASR through a mechanism promoted by NF-κB and might be a therapeutic target for EOC.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8167704 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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