Dataset Information


Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 Alteration Status is Associated with Differential Sensitivity to Platinum-based Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced and Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma.



Alterations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) occur in ∼15% of muscle-invasive bladder cancers (MIBCs) and metastatic urothelial carcinomas (mUCs).


To determine the association between FGFR3 status and response to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with MIBC or mUC.

Design, setting, and participants

The authors conducted a retrospective review and comparison of patients having (1) MIBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), (2) mUC treated with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy (M1 cohort), and (3) MIBC who were from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).


Platinum-based chemotherapy.

Outcome measurements and statistical analysis

Pathologic response, recurrence-free (RFS) or progression-free (PFS) survival, and overall survival (OS) were compared between patients with FGFR3 alteration (FGFR3alt) and those without it (FGFR3wild type [FGFR3wt]) in the three cohorts.

Results and limitations

Nine of 72 NAC patients (13%) had FGFR3alt, of whom none had pathologic complete response and three had residual non-MIBC (carcinoma in situ, n = 1; pT1, n = 2). FGFR3alt was associated with shorter RFS (hazard ratio, 2.74; p = 0.044) but not OS. Among TCGA patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 74), FGFR3alt patients had shorter RFS as well. Conversely, among chemotherapy-naive TCGA patients, FGFR3alt was associated with longer RFS and OS. In the M1 cohort (FGFR3alt, n = 27; FGFR3wt, n = 81), FGFR3alt was associated with higher rates of pulmonary metastases and nonregional lymphadenopathy. Despite lower response rates among FGFR3alt patients (37% vs 49%; p = 0.056), PFS and OS were not significantly different from FGFR3wt patients.


FGFR3 status is associated with lower responses to platinum-based chemotherapy, which may prompt exploration of nonchemotherapeutic approaches for perioperative management of FGFR3alt urothelial cancers.

Patient summary

Approximately 15% of bladder cancers harbor mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene. Our findings suggest that FGFR3 mutations might be associated with lower responses and shorter time to recurrence among patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who received perioperative platinum-based chemotherapy. FGFR3 status does not significantly impact response to chemotherapy among those with metastatic urothelial cancers.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8215618 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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