ObjectivesTo identify predictors of seeking care for decreased fetal movements and assess whether care-seeking behaviour is influenced by Mindfetalness.
DesignObservational study with data from a cluster-randomised controlled trial.
Setting67 maternity clinics and 6 obstetrical clinics in Sweden.
ParticipantsAll pregnant women with a singleton pregnancy who contacted the obstetrical clinic due to decreased fetal movements from 32 weeks' gestation of 39 865 women.
MethodsData were collected from a cluster-randomised controlled trial where maternity clinics were randomised to Mindfetalness or routine care. Mindfetalness is a self-assessment method for women to use daily to become familiar with the unborn baby's fetal movement pattern.
Outcome measuresPredictors for contacting healthcare due to decreased fetal movements.
ResultsOverall, 5.2% (n=2059) of women contacted healthcare due to decreased fetal movements, among which 1287 women (62.5%) were registered at a maternity clinic randomised to Mindfetalness and 772 women (37.5%) were randomised to routine care. Predictors for contacting healthcare due to decreased fetal movements were age, country of birth, educational level, parity, prolonged pregnancy and previous psychiatric care (p<0.001). The main differences were seen among women born in Africa as compared with Swedish-born women (2% vs 6%, relative risk (RR) 0.34, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.44) and among women with low educational level compared with women with university-level education (2% vs 5.4%, RR 0.36, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.62). Introducing Mindfetalness in maternity care increased the number of women seeking care due to decreased fetal movements overall.
ConclusionWomen with country of birth outside Sweden and low educational level sought care for decreased fetal movements to a lesser extent compared with women born in Sweden and those with university degrees. Future research could explore whether pregnancy outcomes can be improved by motivating women in these groups to contact healthcare if they feel a decreased strength or frequency of fetal movements.
Trial registration numberNCT02865759.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC8237734 | BioStudies |