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Development and Validation of an Empirical Ocean Color Algorithm with Uncertainties: A Case Study with the Particulate Backscattering Coefficient.


ABSTRACT: We explored how algorithm (model) and in situ measurement (observation) uncertainties can effectively be incorporated into empirical ocean color model development and assessment. In this study we focused on methods for deriving the particulate backscattering coefficient at 555 nm, b bp (555) (m-1). We developed a simple empirical algorithm for deriving b bp (555) as a function of a remote sensing reflectance line height (LH) metric. Model training was performed using a high-quality bio-optical dataset that contains coincident in situ measurements of the spectral remote sensing reflectances, R rs (λ) (sr-1), and the spectral particulate backscattering coefficients, b bp (λ). The LH metric used is defined as the magnitude of R rs (555) relative to a linear baseline drawn between R rs (490) and R rs (670). Using an independent validation dataset, we compared the skill of the LH-based model with two other models. We used contemporary validation metrics, including bias and mean absolute error (MAE), that were corrected for model and observation uncertainties. The results demonstrated that measurement uncertainties do indeed impact contemporary validation metrics such as mean bias and MAE. Zeta-scores and z-tests for overlapping confidence intervals were also explored as potential methods for assessing model skill.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8244078 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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