Epidemiological survey of the psoriasis patients in the Japanese Society for Psoriasis Research from 2013 to 2018.
ABSTRACT: In Japan, the Japanese Society for Psoriasis Research (JSPR) has been conducting annual epidemiological surveys of patients with psoriasis since 1982. The aim of this study was to conduct a recent epidemiological analysis of the psoriasis patients who were enrolled in the JSPR from 2013 to 2018. A total of 15 287 cases were enrolled from 132 medical institutions, out of which 65.3% (9989 cases) were male and 34.7% (5298 cases) were female. Approximately 50.0% of the cases had past history and comorbidities, such as hypertension (42.0%), dyslipidemia (30.0%), diabetes mellitus (23.7%), hyperuricemia (15.1%), cardiovascular disease (6.0%), and cerebral vascular disorders (6.0%). There was a yearly increase in the use of corticosteroid/vitamin D3 combinations and apremilast for treating psoriasis. In contrast, the use of phototherapy gradually decreased. From 2013 to 2018, approximately 18.6% of the cases were treated with biologics, such as infliximab (17.6%), adalimumab (23.3%), ustekinumab (21.4%), secukinumab (11.6%), ixekizumab (7.6%), brodalumab (6.3%), and guselkumab (4.3%). In the past decade, the biologics have changed the treatment and management of psoriasis. This survey includes significant information regarding the recent perspective of psoriasis in the Japanese Society, especially focusing on the treatment trends after the introduction of biologics.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Rapid improvement of psoriasis is valued by patients and should be considered to be an important factor in treatment selection. We investigated Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) response rates within the first 12 weeks of treatment to compare the rapid response of 11 biologic therapies for moderate-to-severe psoriasis using Bayesian and Frequentist network meta-analyses (NMA).<h4>Methods</h4>A systematic literature review was conducted to identify phase 3, double-blind, randomized, controlled trials for adult patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with interleukin (IL)-17 (brodalumab, ixekizumab, secukinumab), IL-12/-23 (ustekinumab), IL-23 (guselkumab, risankizumab, tildrakizumab), or tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, infliximab). Outcome measures extracted from 32 publications were ≥ 75, ≥ 90, or 100% improvement in PASI score (PASI 75, PASI 90, or PASI 100, respectively) at weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12 and DLQI (0,1), where score (0,1) indicates no effect on patient's life, at week 12. Bayesian NMA (BNMA) used fixed-treatment effect and random-baseline effect, normal independent models. Frequentist NMA (fNMA) was conducted as sensitivity analyses to test the robustness of the findings.<h4>Results</h4>Based on BNMA and fNMA, brodalumab and ixekizumab showed the most rapid treatment effects on PASI 75 at weeks 2, 4, and 8 and on PASI 90 and PASI 100 at weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12; ixekizumab overlapped with risankizumab on PASI 75 at week 12. Brodalumab, ixekizumab, and secukinumab yielded higher DLQI (0,1) gains at week 12 compared to all of the other biologics studied. Additional measures of quality of life were not assessed in this report.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Ixekizumab and brodalumab provide the most rapid response and earliest clinical benefit at week 2 among all of the biologics studied, including other biologic treatments such as secukinumab, ustekinumab, guselkumab, adalimumab, and etanercept. BNMA and fNMA results showed similar relative effect estimates and treatment rankings.<h4>Funding</h4>Eli Lilly and Company.
Project description:Brodalumab, an interleukin-17 receptor A inhibitor, demonstrated rapid and robust efficacy with a favorable safety profile in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Here, we present data from a multicenter, open-label extension study in patients with plaque psoriasis with/without psoriatic arthritis who completed 64 weeks of treatment with brodalumab (140 or 210 mg, every 2 weeks [Q2W]). Patients were enrolled to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a modified dose of brodalumab. Eligible patients were switched to a reduced dose of brodalumab (140 mg every 4 weeks on day 1) in the extension study; the dose and dosing interval were modified sequentially at the physician's discretion (minimum 140 mg every 8 weeks and maximum 210 mg Q2W) until drug approval, after which all patients were switched to 210 mg Q2W for postmarketing surveillance. Of the 129 patients enrolled, 107 (82.9%) completed the 108-week or more extension study. All patients had psoriasis that was well controlled with brodalumab treatment on day 1. Improvement in psoriasis-related symptoms, evaluated with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index, Dermatology Life Quality Index, Nail Psoriasis Severity Index, and American College of Rheumatology 20, 50 and 70, was maintained during the 108-week extension study. Brodalumab treatment was well tolerated throughout, and no new safety signals were identified. The most commonly reported treatment-related adverse event was nasopharyngitis, followed by influenza and oral candidiasis. No cases of serious candida infection or Crohn's disease were observed in this study. Serious treatment-related adverse events, such as appendicitis, brain abscess, bacterial meningitis, colon cancer, immunoglobulin A nephropathy and tubulointerstitial nephritis, were reported in one patient each. No anti-brodalumab-binding antibodies or brodalumab-neutralizing antibodies were detected in any patient throughout the extension study. Overall, the long-term efficacy and safety of brodalumab were demonstrated over 108 weeks.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Brodalumab is a fully human anti-interleukin-17 receptor A monoclonal antibody efficacious for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. OBJECTIVE:This study summarizes malignancy rates in psoriasis clinical studies of brodalumab. METHODS:Data were pooled from one phase II study and three large, multicenter, phase III randomized studies of brodalumab for the treatment of psoriasis, including two studies with randomization to brodalumab, ustekinumab, or placebo. Data from the 52-week (brodalumab and ustekinumab) and long-term (brodalumab) pools were summarized as exposure-adjusted or follow-up time-adjusted event rates per 100 patient-years (PY). RESULTS:Exposure-adjusted event rates per 100 PY at 52 weeks were lower with brodalumab (n = 4019; 3446 total PY of exposure) than with ustekinumab (n = 613; 495 total PY of exposure), including adjudicated malignancies (0.9 vs 2.6) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-adjudicated malignancies (0.3 vs 0.4). The exposure-adjusted event rate of adjudicated malignancies in the brodalumab group remained stable in the long-term analysis (0.9 [82 events]). CONCLUSIONS:Rates of malignancy among brodalumab-treated patients with psoriasis were generally low. TRIAL REGISTRY:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00975637; NCT01101100; NCT01708590 (AMAGINE-1); NCT01708603 (AMAGINE-2); NCT01708629 (AMAGINE-3).
Project description:Psoriasis symptoms have a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life, impairing physical functioning and well-being.To evaluate the impact of brodalumab, a human anti-interleukin-17R monoclonal antibody, on psoriasis symptom severity as measured by a novel patient-reported outcome measure, the Psoriasis Symptom Inventory, and dermatology-specific health-related quality of life as measured by the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).This was a secondary analysis of a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis (n = 198) treated with brodalumab or placebo. This analysis assessed Psoriasis Symptom Inventory scores and DLQI scores over time. Analyses were conducted on all patients who were randomized and received one or more injections of the study drug according to intention to treat using last observation carried forward to impute missing data.At week 12, subjects in the brodalumab groups had significant improvements in mean Psoriasis Symptom Inventory total scores [8.5 (70 mg), 15.8 (140 mg), 16.2 (210 mg) and 12.7 (280 mg)] compared with placebo (4.8). Mean improvements in DLQI were clinically meaningful (? 5.7) in the brodalumab groups (6.2, 9.1, 9.6 and 7.1, respectively) and significantly greater than placebo (3.1). Improvements in Psoriasis Symptom Inventory were observed as early as week 2 and in DLQI by week 4. All eight Psoriasis Symptom Inventory item scores improved significantly among the brodalumab groups by week 12.Results were from a single randomized clinical trial and may not generalize to broader patient populations. However, treatment with brodalumab provided significant improvement in psoriasis symptoms in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Interleukin (IL)-17 inhibitors are the most recent class of monoclonal antibodies approved by the FDA for psoriasis treatment. Preclinical and phase II studies of brodalumab, a high-affinity IL-17 receptor monoclonal antibody, have been encouraging.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a literature search using the PubMed database in order to assess the efficacy and safety profile of brodalumab. The search included the following key words: "psoriasis" and "IL-17" or "brodalumab." We also reviewed citations within articles to identify relevant sources.<h4>Results</h4>At week 12, the proportion of patients attaining a 75% improvement from the baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) was similar among the three phase III trials (AMAGINE-1, 83%; AMAGINE-2, 86%; AMAGINE-3, 85%). Brodalumab remained efficacious through 52 weeks of treatment. It maintained a satisfactory safety profile; the most frequently reported adverse events consisted of nasopharyngitis, headache, upper respiratory tract infection, and arthralgia.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Use of brodalumab revealed prompt clinical improvement and a favorable short-term safety profile in phase III trials, although further extension studies are needed to assess long-term safety. Based on the results, brodalumab appears to be a potent therapeutic option for patients with moderate-to-severe plaque-type psoriasis.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:New generation biologics, including interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 inhibitors, have delivered higher rates of skin clearance than older treatments in head-to-head studies. However, studies comparing these new biologics directly to one another are limited. OBJECTIVES:To compare the short-term efficacy of available (or imminently available) biologic and non-biologic systemic therapies for treating patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. METHODS:A systematic review was undertaken to identify randomised controlled trials evaluating biologic treatments, apremilast and dimethyl fumarate. MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched from the 1st January 2000 to 22nd November 2018. A Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) using a random-effects multinomial likelihood model with probit link and meta-regression to adjust for cross-trial variation in placebo responses compared the efficacy of interventions at inducing different levels of Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response during the induction period. A range of sensitivity analyses was undertaken. RESULTS:Seventy-seven trials (34,816 patients) were included in the NMA. The base-case analysis showed that all active treatments were superior to placebo. IL-17 inhibitors, guselkumab and risankizumab were found to be more efficacious than tildrakizumab, ustekinumab, all TNF inhibitors and non-biologic systemic treatments at inducing all levels of PASI response. In addition, brodalumab, ixekizumab and risankizumab were significantly more efficacious than secukinumab; no significant difference was found in the comparison with guselkumab. The greatest benefit of brodalumab, ixekizumab, guselkumab, and risankizumab was seen for PASI 90 and PASI 100 response. Results were consistent across all analyses. CONCLUSIONS:In the NMA brodalumab, ixekizumab, risankizumab and guselkumab showed the highest levels of short-term efficacy. There were differences in efficacy between treatments within the same class. Longer-term analyses are needed to understand differences between these drugs beyond induction in what is a life-long condition.
Project description:Psoriasis is caused by a complex interplay between the immune system, psoriasis-associated susceptibility loci, autoantigens, and multiple environmental factors. Over the last 2 decades, research has unequivocally shown that psoriasis represents a bona fide T cell-mediated disease primarily driven by pathogenic T cells that produce high levels of IL-17 in response to IL-23. The discovery of the central role for the IL-23/type 17 T-cell axis in the development of psoriasis has led to a major paradigm shift in the pathogenic model for this condition. The activation and upregulation of IL-17 in prepsoriatic skin produces a "feed forward" inflammatory response in keratinocytes that is self-amplifying and drives the development of mature psoriatic plaques by inducing epidermal hyperplasia, epidermal cell proliferation, and recruitment of leukocyte subsets into the skin. Clinical trial data for mAbs against IL-17 signaling (secukinumab, ixekizumab, and brodalumab) and newer IL-23p19 antagonists (tildrakizumab, guselkumab, and risankizumab) underscore the central role of these cytokines as predominant drivers of psoriatic disease. Currently, we are witnessing a translational revolution in the treatment and management of psoriasis. Emerging bispecific antibodies offer the potential for even better disease control, whereas small-molecule drugs offer future alternatives to the use of biologics and less costly long-term disease management.
Project description:<h4>Importance</h4>The clinical benefits of novel treatments for moderate to severe psoriasis are well established, but wide variations exist in patient response across different therapies. In the absence of head-to-head randomized trials, meta-analyses synthesizing data from multiple studies are needed to assess comparative efficacy among psoriasis treatments.<h4>Objective</h4>To estimate the relative short-term and long-term efficacy of biologics and oral agents for the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis.<h4>Data sources</h4>A systematic literature review was conducted on December 4, 2017, and updated on September 17, 2018. The Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central Register databases were included.<h4>Study selection</h4>Phase 2, 3, or 4 randomized clinical trials of treatments licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for adults with moderate to severe psoriasis with data on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index assessment of 75%, 90%, and 100% reductions (PASI 75, 90, and 100) at 10 to 16 weeks (short-term efficacy) or 44 to 60 weeks (long-term efficacy) from baseline.<h4>Data extraction and synthesis</h4>Data were extracted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines. A bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to estimate short-term PASI response rates; to account for variation across trials, an ordinal model that adjusted for reference arm response was implemented. The long-term PASI rates were estimated via a traditional meta-analysis.<h4>Main outcomes and measures</h4>PASI 75, 90, and 100 response rates at 10 to 16 weeks and 44 to 60 weeks from baseline.<h4>Results</h4>Sixty trials meeting all inclusion criteria were included. At weeks 10 to 16, the highest PASI 90 rates were seen with risankizumab-rzaa (71.6%; 95% credible interval [CrI], 67.5%-75.4%), brodalumab (70.8%; 95% CrI, 66.8%-74.6%), ixekizumab (70.6%; 95% CrI, 66.8%-74.6%), and guselkumab (67.3%; 62.5%-71.9%). At weeks 44 to 60, the treatments with the highest PASI 90 rates were risankizumab-rzaa (79.4%, 95% CI, 75.5%-82.9%), guselkumab (76.5%; 95% CI, 72.1%-80.5%), brodalumab (74.0%; 95% CI, 69.3%-78.1%), and ixekizumab (73.9%; 95% CI, 69.9%-77.5%). Findings were consistent for short-term and long-term PASI 75 and 100 responses.<h4>Conclusions and relevance</h4>This study provides an assessment of the comparative efficacy among treatments for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. The meta-analysis suggests that brodalumab, guselkumab, ixekizumab, and risankizumab-rzaa were associated with the highest PASI response rates in both short-term and long-term therapy.
Project description:The IL-17/IL-23 axis is now understood to influence psoriasis, and the development of novel IL-17 inhibitor medications marks a sea change in the treatment of psoriasis. Brodalumab is a recombinant, fully human immunoglobulin IgG2 monoclonal antibody specifically targeted against IL-17RA. This article discusses the mechanism of action and the efficacy and safety profile of brodalumab presented in the literature. Brodalumab, the latest approved anti-IL-17-class medication, is the only one that exerts its effects on IL-17C as well as on IL-17A and IL-17F, blocking the shared IL-17 receptor A. In this sense, considering the recent evidence, brodalumab could have beneficial effects not only on psoriasis, but also on atopic dermatitis. It could also serve as a therapeutic alternative in patients who develop paradoxical eczematous reactions or atopic-like dermatitis during treatment with other anti-IL-17A (secukinumab, ixekizumab).
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Brodalumab is efficacious for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis through 52 weeks.<h4>Objectives</h4>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of brodalumab through 120 weeks, including following withdrawal and retreatment.<h4>Methods</h4>At baseline, patients were randomized to brodalumab (n = 222) or placebo (n = 220). At week 12, patients achieving a static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) score of 0 or 1 (sPGA 0/1) with brodalumab were rerandomized to brodalumab (n = 83) or placebo (n = 84; later re-treated with brodalumab if sPGA ? 3 occurred), and patients receiving placebo switched to brodalumab (n = 208). Safety was assessed by exposure-adjusted rates of treatment-emergent adverse events.<h4>Results</h4>Among those who achieved sPGA 0/1 at week 12 and were rerandomized to brodalumab, 96% and 80% using observed data, respectively, and 74% and 61% using nonresponder imputation, respectively, achieved 75% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) and PASI 100 at week 120. Following withdrawal from brodalumab, return of disease occurred after a mean ± SD duration of 74·7 ± 50·5 days. Among those who switched from brodalumab to placebo at week 12, PASI 75 rates using observed data and nonresponder imputation were 55% and 51% at week 20, respectively and 94% and 75% at week 120, respectively; PASI 100 rates at week 120 were 75% and 60%, respectively. Efficacy was maintained through week 120 in those receiving brodalumab after placebo. No new safety signals were observed.<h4>Conclusions</h4>These findings indicate that brodalumab is efficacious and safe for continuous long-term treatment of psoriasis, and support the potential for response after discontinuation and retreatment.