Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori Eradication Regimens in Lithuania during the Years 2013-2020: Data from the European Registry on Helicobacter pylori Management (Hp-EuReg).
ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: The prevalence of H. pylori in Eastern Europe remains quite high; however, there is insufficient data on the eradication regimens and their effectiveness. Therefore, the objective of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic methods and treatment of H. pylori infection as well as their adherence to Maastricht V/Florence consensus during the years 2013-2020 in Lithuania. Materials and Methods: Sub-study of the "European Registry on H. pylori Management" (Hp-EuReg), international multicenter prospective non-interventional registry of the routine clinical practice. Lithuanian data from the years 2013-2020 were analyzed for effectiveness on a modified intention-to-treat (mITT) basis. 2000 adult patients, diagnosed with H. pylori infection, were included. Data were compared to the European Maastricht V guidelines. Results: Triple-therapy was used in 90% of the cases. In 91% of the first-line prescriptions, standard triple therapy (STT) was used. The most common second-line treatment was a combination of PPI, amoxicillin and levofloxacin (PPI+A+L) (47%). The overall effectiveness in 552 cases valid for analysis was 90% by mITT. In first-line treatment, the STT effectiveness was 90% and second-line treatment with PPI+A+L achieved 92% by mITT. Increasing overall H. pylori eradication rates were observed: from 72% in 2013 to more than 90% in 2018-2020, as well as a shift from 7 to 10-14 days treatments duration throughout 2013-2020. Conclusions: In Lithuania, the prescribed eradication regimens for H. pylori were in accordance with the international guidelines but diagnostic methods and treatment duration only partially met Maastricht V/Florence guidelines. The eradication effectiveness was improved progressively during the years 2018-2020, reaching ≥90% cure rates.
Project description:Background:Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most common chronic bacterial infection in the world affecting over 50% of the world's population. H. pylori is a grade I carcinogen, responsible for the development of 89 % of noncardia gastric cancers. In the present study we analyzed the data for H. pylori eradication treatments in Slovenia. Patients and methods:Slovenia is a part of the European Registry on Helicobacter pylori Management from the beginning. In seven medical institutions data for H. pylori eradication treatments was collected for 1774 patients from April 16th 2013 to May 15th 2016. For further modified intention to treat (mITT) analysis 1519 patients were eligible and for per protocol (PP) analysis 1346 patients. Results:Patients' dropout was 11.4%. Eradication rate for 7 day triple therapy with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) + Clarithromycin (C) + Amoxicillin (A) was 88.7% PP and 72.0% mITT; for PPI + C + Metronidazole (M) 85.2% PP and 84.4% mITT. Second line 14 day therapy PPI + A + Levofloxacin had 92.3% eradication rate PP and 87.1% mITT. Ten to fourteen day Bismuth quadruple therapy was the therapy in difficult to treat patients. At the end all patients that adhered to prescribed regimens were cured of their H. pylori infection. Conclusions:High dropout rate deserves further analysis. Slovenia is still a country with < 15% H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin, triple therapy with PPI plus two antibiotics reaches PP eradication rate > 85%, but mITT eradication rates are suboptimal.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4> Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most common chronic bacterial infection. Its management has to rely on local effectiveness, given the geographical variability of bacterial antibiotic resistance. We evaluated treatment effectiveness in naïve patients in Greece, as part of the European Registry on the management of H. pylori (Hp-EuReg). <h4>Methods</h4> Patients were registered in the AEG-REDCap Electronic Case Report Form from 2013-2020. All cases with a first-line treatment were included. Modified intention-to-treat (mITT) analysis was used. <h4>Results</h4> A total of 547 patients from 5 medical institutions were treated with the following regimens: concomitant with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), clarithromycin, amoxicillin and metronidazole (concomitant-C+A+M) (38%); hybrid with PPI, clarithromycin, amoxicillin and metronidazole (hybrid-C+A+M) (20%); sequential with PPI, clarithromycin, amoxicillin and tinidazole (sequential-C+A+T) (12%); sequential with PPI, clarithromycin, amoxicillin and metronidazole (sequential-C+A+M) (12%); concomitant with PPI, clarithromycin, amoxicillin and tinidazole (concomitant-C+A+T) (8%); triple with PPI, clarithromycin and amoxicillin (triple-C+A) (7%); and other (3%). Overall compliance was 99%. Triple-C+A, sequential-C+A+T, sequential-C+A+M and concomitant-C+A+T were used from 2013-2015. The respective mITT cure rates (95% confidence interval) were 92% (78-98), 87% (76-94), 67% (54-78) and 91% (79-98). Since 2015, patients were also treated with concomitant-C+A+M and hybrid-C+A+M regimens, with respective mITT cure rates of 90% (85-94) and 88% (80.5-94). Adverse events were reported by 31% of the patients, dysgeusia being the most frequent (15%). <h4>Conclusions</h4> “Optimized” H. pylori therapies should achieve cure rates over 90%. In Greece, at present, only non-bismuth quadruple concomitant regimens achieve this target and can be recommended as first-line treatment.
Project description:Antimicrobial resistance is one of the major factors determining the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. This study aimed to estimate the recent prevalence of multidrug resistance of H. pylori and its impact on eradication in Korea. A total of 174 patients were prospectively enrolled at Chung-Ang University Hospital from 2017 to 2019. H. pylori strains were isolated from the gastric body and antrum. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics were determined by the serial twofold agar dilution method. Eradication results were reviewed and analyzed in connection with antibiotic resistance. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 51.7% (90/174). The culture success rate was 77.8% (70/90). The resistance rates for clarithromycin, metronidazole, amoxicillin, tetracycline, levofloxacin, and moxifloxacin were 28.6% (20/70), 27.1% (19/70), 20.0% (14/70), 18.6% (13/70), 42.9% (30/70), and 42.9% (30/70), respectively. The multidrug resistance (resistance to two or more classes of antimicrobials) rate was 42.9% (30/70). Dual resistance to clarithromycin and metronidazole was confirmed in 8.6% (6/70). Eradication with a first-line treatment was successful in 75% (36/48), and those who received second-line treatment all achieved successful eradication. The rate of multidrug resistance is increasing, and standard triple therapy (STT) is no longer an acceptable first-line option for H. pylori eradication in Korea.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>This randomized, open-label trial aimed to compare the efficacy of 10-day bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (BQT) with 7-day proton-pump inhibitor-clarithromycin containing standard triple therapy (STT) as an empirical first-line Helicobacter pylori therapy.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants with H. pylori infection were randomly assigned to either 10-day BQT (daily doses of bismuth 300 mg, four times; lansoprazole 30 mg, twice; metronidazole 500 mg, three times; and tetracycline 500 mg, four times) or 7-day STT (lansoprazole 30 mg; amoxicillin 1,000 mg; and clarithromycin 500 mg; each given twice daily). Participants who failed initial therapy were crossed over to the alternative treatment regimen. Primary outcome was the eradication rates of first-line treatment by intention-to-treat analysis.<h4>Results</h4>Study participants (n?=?352) were randomized to receive either 10-day BQT (n?=?175) or 7-day STT (n?=?177). The BQT-group achieved a significantly higher eradication rate than the STT-group in the intention-to-treat analysis (74.3% vs 57.1%, respectively; P?=?0.001), modified intention-to-analysis (87.2% [130/149] vs 68.7% [101/147], respectively; P?<?0.001) and per-protocol analysis (92.9% [105/113] vs 70.1% [94/134], respectively; P?<?0.001). Although there was no serious adverse event, the compliance was lower with BQT than STT as a higher proportion of participants in the BQT-group discontinued therapy because of adverse events than those in the STT-group (23.1% vs 9.1%, respectively; P?=?0.001) CONCLUSIONS: Ten-day BQT had higher eradication rates compared to that of the 7-day STT as an empirical first-line treatment for H. pylori eradication in Korea.<h4>Trial registration</h4>ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02557932. Registered 23 September 2015, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02557932?term=NCT02557932&draw=2&rank=1 .
Project description:Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication using standard triple therapy (STT) with proton pump inhibitors (PPI), amoxicillin and clarithromycin (CLA) has been the standard in Latin America. However, CLA resistance is a rising problem affecting eradication rates. Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19, a PPI metabolizer may also affect eradication. The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of clarithromycin resistance on H. pylori eradication in a population from Santiago, and to establish the pooled clarithromycin resistance in Santiago, Chile. Symptomatic adult patients attending a tertiary hospital in Santiago were recruited for this study. CLA resistance and the polymorphisms of CYP2C19 were determined on DNA extracted from gastric biopsies, using PCR. The STT was indicated for 14 days and eradication was determined by a urea breath test 4-6 weeks after therapy. A meta-analysis of CLA resistance studies among adult residents in Santiago was performed. Seventy-three out of 121 consecutive patients had positive rapid urease test (RUT) and received STT. Sixty-nine patients (95%) completed the study. The H. pylori eradication rate was 63% and the prevalence of CLA resistance was 26%. According to the CYP2C19 polymorphisms, 79.5% of the RUT-positive patients were extensive metabolizers. Multivariable analyses showed that only CLA resistance was significantly and inversely associated with failure of eradication (OR: 0.13; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.04-0.49). A meta-analysis of two previous studies and our sample set (combined n?=?194) yielded to a pooled prevalence of CLA resistance of 31.3% (95% CI 23.9-38.7). Our study shows that CLA resistance is associated with failure of H. pylori eradication. Given the high pooled prevalence of CLA resistance, consideration of CLA free therapies in Santiago is warranted. We could recommend bismuth quadruple therapy or high-dose dual therapy, according to bismuth availability. Further studies need to evaluate the best therapy.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection causes many diseases, such as peptic ulcers, gastritis and gastric cancer, and MALToma. It has been gradually accepted that all HP-infected patients should be treated because HP is regarded as an infection. Therefore, the importance of selecting the optimal treatment regimen has increased. Although the 14-day standard triple therapy (STT) is recommended in the current guidelines, prolonging treatment duration is controversial in real practice because of inconsistent results from previous data and the risk of adverse effects. Additionally, the effect of STT using ilaprazole has not been reported until now. We aimed to compare the eradication rate between 7 and 10 days STT using ilaprazole.<h4>Methods</h4>A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted, which was divided into 2 treatment groups: the control group was 7 days of STT, and the test group was 10 days of STT. The eradication regimen was 10?mg ilaprazole, 500?mg clarithromycin, and 1000?mg amoxicillin twice daily. We included patients who were diagnosed with positive results of H pylori examination. We compared the HP eradication rate according to treatment duration, CYP2C19 subtype and endoscopic diagnosis.<h4>Results</h4>We enrolled a total of 254 patients consisting of 127 patients in each treatment arm. The eradication rates of the control and test groups were 65.4% (82/127) and 74.8% (95/127), respectively, in the intention-to-treat analysis (P?=?.1). In the per-protocol analysis, 70.3% (83/118) and 82.6% (94/115) were eradicated in each group, which was statistically significant (P?=?.027). The CYP2C19 subtype was examined in 230 patients. The eradication rate was 79.2% (57/72), 75.4% (92/122), and 72.2% (26/36) in each group, which was not significantly different (P?=?.704).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Ten-day STT was more effective than 7-day STT for HP eradication. The eradication rate was not affected by the CYP2C19 genotype.
Project description:Statins could increase the effectiveness of <i>Helicobacter pylori</i> eradication therapies due to their anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of this therapeutic association in real life. This is a multicenter, prospective, non-interventional study aimed at evaluating the management of <i>H. pylori</i> by European gastroenterologists. Patients were registered in an e-CRF by AEG-REDCap from 2013 to 2020. The association between statin use and <i>H. pylori</i> eradication effectiveness was evaluated through multivariate analysis. Overall, 9988 and 705 patients received empirical and culture-guided treatment, respectively. Overall, statin use was associated with higher effectiveness in the empirical group (OR = 1.3; 95%CI = 1.1-1.5), but no association was found with first-line treatment effectiveness (N = 7738); as an exception, statin use was specifically associated with lower effectiveness of standard triple therapy (OR = 0.76; 95%CI = 0.59-0.99). In the rescue therapy empirical group (N = 2228), statins were associated with higher overall effectiveness (OR = 1.9; 95%CI = 1.4-2.6). However, sub-analyses by treatment schemes only confirmed this association for the single-capsule bismuth quadruple therapy (OR = 2.8; 95%CI = 1.3-5.7). No consistent association was found between statin use and <i>H. pylori</i> therapy effectiveness. Therefore, the addition of statins to the usual <i>H. pylori</i> treatment cannot be currently recommended to improve cure rates.
Project description:Due to increasing resistance to commonly used antibiotics, the World Health Organization and Food and Drug Administration have advocated the development of new therapeutic regimens for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This phase three, double-blind study (ERADICATE Hp) randomized (2:1) treatment-naïve adults with H. pylori infection and dyspepsia to RHB-105 (an all-in-one combination of omeprazole 40 mg, amoxicillin 1000 mg, and rifabutin 50 mg) or an identically-appearing placebo, both administered every 8 h for 14 days. The H. pylori eradication rate with RHB-105, using a modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population of subjects who received ?1 dose of study drug and had test-of-eradication performed 28-35 days post-completion of therapy, was compared (one-sample Z-test) to a literature-derived comparator rate of 70% and success rate with physician-selected standard-of-care given to placebo failures. The mITT H. pylori eradication rate (95% CI) with RHB-105 of 89.4% (82.0-96.8%) was greater than both the literature-derived comparator rate (P < 0.001) and the standard-of-care rate of 63.0% (44.8-81.1%) (P = 0.006). Adverse events with an incidence ?5% for RHB-105 were diarrhea (12.7%), headache (11.9%), chromaturia (9.3%), abdominal tenderness (6.8%), and dizziness (5.1%). No leukopenia was noted. RHB-105 (Talicia®) proved to be a safe and effective empiric therapy for H. pylori eradication.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Although Helicobacter pylori is a key cause of gastric cancer development, its eradication rate has been decreasing by standard regimens. For successful eradication, duration of treatment has been issued for overcoming antibiotics resistance. We were to compare the eradication rate of 7-day vs. 14-day treatment in first- and second-line regimens. METHODS:This study was an open-label randomized controlled trial. A total of 369 H. pylori-infected patients were enrolled and assigned either to 7-day or 14-day proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based standard triple therapy (STT; PPI-clarithromycin-amoxicillin). Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy was used as second-line therapy. Eradication success was defined as a negative 13C-urea breath test. RESULTS:In first-line treatment, eradication rate was 78.5% (106/135) and 78.6% (114/143) in the 7-day and 14-day treatment in per-protocol (PP) analysis (P = 0.805). In intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis, eradication rate was 64.0% (114/178) and 66.0% (126/191), respectively (P = 0.924). There was no significant difference in drug compliance (81.5% vs. 84.3%, P = 0.320). In second-line therapy, eradication rate was not significantly different in both treatments of PP analysis (91.7% [33/36] vs. 100% [45/45], P = 0.084). In the ITT analysis, eradication rate was 79.6% (35/44) and 90.4% (47/52), respectively (P = 0.080). Drug compliances were not significantly different between the two groups (95.5% vs. 98.1%, P = 0.728). CONCLUSION:PPI-based STT for H. pylori is not efficient as a first-line therapy both in 7 days and 14 days in Korea. Although bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for 14 days as a second line therapy tend to show higher eradication rate compared to 7-day therapy, this should be elucidated by further larger scaled studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02487511.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication reduces gastric cancer risk. Since 2013, a population-wide H. pylori eradication strategy for patients with chronic gastritis has begun to prevent gastric cancer in Japan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic and health effects of H. pylori eradication strategy in national gastric cancer prevention program.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>We developed a cohort state-transition model for H. pylori eradication and no eradication over a lifetime horizon from a healthcare payer perspective, and performed one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. We targeted a hypothetical cohort of H. pylori-positive patients aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80. The main outcomes were costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), life expectancy life-years (LYs), incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, gastric cancer cases, and deaths from gastric cancer.<h4>Results</h4>H. pylori eradication was more effective and cost-saving for all age groups than no eradication. Sensitivity analyses showed strong robustness of the results. From 2013-2019 for 8.50 million patients, H. pylori eradication saved US$3.75 billion, increased 11.11 million QALYs and 0.45 million LYs, and prevented 284,188 cases and 65,060 deaths. For 35.59 million patients without eradication, H. pylori eradication has the potential to save US$14.82 billion, increase 43.10 million QALYs and 1.66 million LYs, and prevent 1,084,532 cases and 250,256 deaths.<h4>Conclusions</h4>National policy using population-wide H. pylori eradication to prevent gastric cancer has significant cost savings and health impacts for young-, middle-, and old-aged individuals in Japan. The findings strongly support the promotion of H. pylori eradication strategy for all age groups in high-incidence countries.