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Fluorescence Spectroscopic Analysis of ppGpp Binding to cAMP Receptor Protein and Histone-Like Nucleoid Structuring Protein.

ABSTRACT: The cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) is one of the best-known transcription factors, regulating about 400 genes. The histone-like nucleoid structuring protein (H-NS) is one of the nucleoid-forming proteins and is responsible for DNA packaging and gene repression in prokaryotes. In this study, the binding of ppGpp to CRP and H-NS was determined by fluorescence spectroscopy. CRP from Escherichia coli exhibited intrinsic fluorescence at 341 nm when excited at 280 nm. The fluorescence intensity decreased in the presence of ppGpp. The dissociation constant of 35 ± 3 µM suggests that ppGpp binds to CRP with a similar affinity to cAMP. H-NS also shows intrinsic fluorescence at 329 nm. The fluorescence intensity was decreased by various ligands and the calculated dissociation constant for ppGpp was 80 ± 11 µM, which suggests that the binding site was occupied fully by ppGpp under starvation conditions. This study suggests the modulatory effects of ppGpp in gene expression regulated by CRP and H-NS. The method described here may be applicable to many other proteins.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8346002 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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