BackgroundBoth omacetaxine (HHT) and curcumin were shown to exhibit anti-proliferative effect on lymphoma cells. However, the role of combination of HHT with curcumin (HHT/curcumin combination) on lymphoma cells remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of HHT/curcumin combination on the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of lymphoma cells.
MethodsCell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Ki67 immunofluorescence and transwell assays were used to assess the viability, proliferation and migration of U937 and Raji cells respectively. In addition, tube formation assay was used to determine the effects of HHT/curcumin combination on angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).
ResultsIn this study, we found that HHT/curcumin combination significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion in U937 and Raji cells (all P < 0.01). In addition, combination treatment markedly inhibited the secreted levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-(A-D) (all P < 0.01) in Raji cells. Moreover, combination treatment exhibited anti-tumor effects in Raji cells, as shown by the decreased signals of phosphorylated VEGF receptor 2 (p-VEGFR2) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt) (all P < 0.01). Meanwhile, combination treatment inhibited VEGFA levels (P < 0.01) in exosomes derived from Raji cells. Application of exosomes with downregulated VEGF to HUVECs notably inhibited proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVECs, evidenced by the decreased signals of p-Akt, angiogenin-1, matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2) and matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9) (all P < 0.01).
ConclusionOur findings indicated that combination of HHT and curcumin could inhibit lymphoma cell growth and angiogenesis via inhibition of VEGF/Akt signaling pathway. These results suggested that HHT combined with curcumin might be regarded as a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of lymphoma.