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Characterization of Vaginal Microbiota in Women With Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion That Can Be Modified by Drug Treatment.


ABSTRACT:

Objective

The role of vaginal microbiota in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of vaginal microbiota and the effects of drug treatment on vaginal microbiota of patients with RSA.

Methods

A case-control study was performed, in which non-pregnant patients who experienced RSA were selected and divided into untreated and drug-treated groups. Drug-treated patients were subdivided into the metformin group, metformin plus aspirin group, and other drugs group. Healthy women who had live births and never experienced spontaneous abortion were enrolled in the control group. Characteristics of vaginal microbiomes of patients with RSA and healthy women and the impact of drug treatment on the microbiome was evaluated via 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the V3-V4 region using the Illumina MiSeq platform.

Results

Women who underwent RSA had lower microbial richness than healthy women. Compared to controls, the relative abundance of seven taxa (Megasphaera, Sneathia sanguinegens, Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas, Rhodococcus, Burkholderia- Caballeronia-Paraburkholderia, and Corynebacterium_1) in the patient's vaginal microbiota changed significantly, which may be closely related to RSA. The composition of the vaginal microbial community in RSA patients was altered by drug treatment. Metformin combined with aspirin treatment significantly increased the relative abundance of vaginal Lactobacillus spp. in patients.

Conclusion

An altered vaginal microbiome composition might be associated with RSA, which could be modified by drug treatment. The effect of metformin combined with aspirin on vaginal Lactobacillus is worthy of attention.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8417370 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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