BackgroundAneurysmal degeneration of the coronary button after aortic root replacement using the button technique is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. However, the appropriate management of this complication, including the indications for conservative and surgical treatment, is still unknown.
Case presentationHere we present a 38-year-old woman who successfully underwent surgical repair of a left coronary button aneurysm using the graft interposition technique 24 years after aortic root replacement. Because follow-up computed tomography after aortic root replacement showed a progressively enlarging left coronary button aneurysm, the patient was judged an acceptable candidate for surgical treatment, considering the potential risk of aneurysmal rupture and subsequent myocardial infarction. The postoperative recovery was uneventful. The patient is doing well 1 year after the surgery.
ConclusionsWe believe that serial follow-up using computed tomography is mandatory for coronary button aneurysms, and surgical intervention may be considered if progressive enlargement of the aneurysm is observed, especially in younger patients.