IntroductionMood disorders are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) and a favorable effect of safinamide on mood has been observed. We aimed to analyze the effectiveness of safinamide on mood as a secondary objective from the SAFINONMOTOR (an open-label study of the effectiveness of SAFInamide on NON-MOTOR symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease) study.
MethodsSAFINONMOTOR is a prospective open-label single-arm study conducted in five centers from Spain. Patients with PD were required to have at baseline a Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) total score of at least 40. In this analysis, the changes from V1 (baseline) to V4 (6 months ± 1 month) in the BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory-II), NMSS mood/apathy domain, and PDQ-39 (Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39) emotional well-being domain were analyzed. Depression was identified and classified (DSM-IV and Judd criteria) at baseline and at the end of follow-up as major depression (MD), minor depression (mD), subthreshold depression (subD), and non-depression (nonD).
ResultsFifty patients with PD were included (age 68.5 ± 9.12 years; 58% women; 6.4 ± 5.1 years from diagnosis) and 44 patients (88%) completed the follow-up at 6 months. The BDI-II total score was reduced by 35.9% (from 15.88 ± 10.46 at V1 to 10.18 ± 6.76 at V4; p < 0.0001). A significant decrease in the NMSS mood/apathy domain and PDQ-39 emotional well-being domain was observed as well (p < 0.0001). At baseline, 52% of the patients presented MD, 34% mD, 12% subD, and 2% nonD whereas at V4 the percentages were 31.8%, 34.1%, 22.7%, and 11.4%, respectively (p = 0.029).
ConclusionsSafinamide improves mood in patients with PD at 6 months.