BackgroundAccumulating literature has shown the predictive values of inflammation and nutrition-based biomarkers in the prognosis of oesophageal cancer but with inconsistent findings.
MethodWe performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), C reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR), systemic inflammation index (SII), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) in oesophageal cancer. The outcome indicators include the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). We applied pooled HR, sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio and area under the curve together with 95% CI to estimate the predictive accuracy.
ResultsA total of 72 studies, including 22 260 patients, were included in the meta-analysis. Elevated NLR, PLR CAR, SII, GPS, mGPS and decreased LMR and PNI were associated with poor OS of oesophageal cancer. A high level of NLR, PLR and GPS was related to poor DFS. A high level of NLR and GPS was related to poor CSS. The summarised AUC of CAR (0.72, 95% CI: 0.68 to 0.75) and mGPS (0.75, 95% CI: 0.71 to 0.78) surpassed any other indicators.
ConclusionsClinical indicators such as NLR, PLR, LMR, PNI, SII, CAR, GPS and mGPS have the moderate predictive ability in OS, DFS and CSS of oesophageal cancer. The pretreatment level of CAR and mGPS showed an outstanding prediction value in 5-year OS for oesophageal cancer.