Research background Microbial β-fructofuranosidases are widely employed in food industry to produce inverted sugar or fructooligosaccharides. In this study, a newly isolated Aspergillus carbonarius PC-4 strain was used to optimize the β-fructofuranosidase production in a cost-effective process and the sucrose hydrolysis was evaluated to produce inverted sugars.
Experimental approach Optimization of nutritional components of culture medium was carried out using simplex lattice mixture design for 72 and 120 h at 28 °C. One-factor-at-a-time methodology was used to optimize the physicochemical parameters. Crude enzyme was used for sucrose hydrolysis at different concentrations.
Results and conclusions The optimized conditions of enzyme production were achieved from cultivations containing pineapple crown waste (1.3%, m/V) and yeast extract (0.3%, m/V) after 72 h with an enzyme activity of 9.4 U/mL, obtaining R2=91.85%, R2adjusted=85.06%, highest F-value (13.52) and low p-value (0.003). One-factor-at-a-time used for optimizing the physicochemical conditions showed optimum temperature (20 °C), pH (5.5), agitation (180 rpm) and time course (72 h) with a 3-fold increase of enzyme production. The invertase-induced sucrose hydrolysis showed the maximum yield (3.45 mmol of reducing sugars) using 10% of initial sucrose concentration. Higher sucrose concentrations caused the inhibition of invertase activity, possibly due to the saturation of substrate or formation of sucrose aggregates, making it difficult for the enzyme to access sucrose molecules within the created clusters. Therefore, a cost-effective method was developed for the invertase production using agroindustrial waste and the produced enzyme can be used efficiently for inverted sugar production at high sucrose concentration.
Novelty and scientific contribution This study presents an efficient utilization of pineapple crown waste to produce invertase by a newly isolated Aspergillus carbonarius PC-4 strain. This enzyme exhibited a good potential for inverted sugar production at high initial sucrose concentration, which is interesting for industrial applications.