Nitrogeniibacter aestuarii sp. nov., a Novel Nitrogen-Fixing Bacterium Affiliated to the Family Zoogloeaceae and Phylogeny of the Family Zoogloeaceae Revisited
ABSTRACT: Members of the family Zoogloeaceae within the order Rhodocyclales are found to play vital roles in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems by participating in biofloc formation in activated sludge, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation, and nitrogen metabolism, such as denitrification and nitrogen fixation. Here, two bacterial strains designated H1-1-2AT and ZN11-R3-1 affiliated to the family Zoogloeaceae were isolated from coastal wetland habitats. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains were 100% identical and had maximum similarity with Nitrogeniibacter mangrovi M9-3-2T of 98.4% and ≤94.5% with other species. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that the two strains belonged to a single species and formed a novel monophyletic branch affiliated to the genus Nitrogeniibacter. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) value and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) estimate between the two strains and N. mangrovi M9-3-2T were 78.5–78.7% and 21.4–21.6%, respectively, indicating that the two strains represent a novel species. The genomes of strain H1-1-2AT (complete genome) and ZN11-R3-1 (draft genome) were 4.7Mbp in length encoding ~4,360 functional genes. The DNA G+C content was 62.7%. Nitrogen fixation genes were found in the two strains, which were responsible for the growth on nitrogen-free medium, whereas denitrification genes found in N. mangrovi M9-3-2T were absent in the two strains. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and aminophospholipid. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and C16:1ω6c), C16:0, C12:0, and C10:0 3-OH. Based on genomic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic characterizations, strains H1-1-2AT and ZN11-R3-1 represent a novel species of the genus Nitrogeniibacter, for which the name Nitrogeniibacter aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H1-1-2AT (=MCCC 1K04284T=KCTC 82672T), and additional strain is ZN11-R3-1 (=MCCC 1A17971=KCTC 82671). Additionally, phylogenomic analysis of the members of the family Zoogloeaceae including type strains and uncultivated bacteria was performed, using the Genome Taxonomic Database toolkit (GTDB-Tk). Combined with the 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, four novel genera, Parazoarcus gen. nov., Pseudazoarcus gen. nov., Pseudothauera gen. nov., and Cognatazoarcus gen. nov., were proposed. This study provided new insights to the taxonomy of the family Zoogloeaceae.
Project description:Three previously unidentified Gram-positive anaerobic coccoid bacteria, strains KhD-2T , KHD4T , and Kh-D5T , isolated from a vaginal swab, were characterized using the taxonogenomics concept. The phylogenic analysis, phenotypic characteristics, and genotypic data presented in this report attest that these three bacteria are distinct from previously known bacterial species with standing in nomenclature and represent three new Peptoniphilus species. Strain KhD-2T is most closely related to Peptoniphilus sp. DNF00840 and Peptoniphilus harei (99.7% and 98.2% identity, respectively); strain KHD4T to Peptoniphilus lacrimalis (96%) and strain Kh-D5T to Peptoniphilus coxii (97.2%). Strains KhD-2T , KHD4T , and Kh-D5T DNA G+C contents are, respectively, 34.23%, 31.87%, and 49.38%; their major fatty acid was C16:0 (41.6%, 32.0%, and 36.4%, respectively). We propose that strains KhD-2T (=CSUR P0125 = DSM 101742), KHD4T (=CSUR P0110 = CECT 9308), and Kh-D5T (=CSUR P2271 = DSM 101839) be the type strains of the new species for which the names Peptoniphilus vaginalis sp. nov., Peptoniphilus raoultii sp. nov., and Peptoniphilu pacaensis sp. nov., are proposed, respectively.
Project description:A novel Gram-stain-positive bacterial strain, CHu50b-6-2T, was isolated from a 67-cm-long sediment core collected from the Daechung Reservoir at a water depth of 17 m, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. The cells of strain CHu50b-6-2T were aerobic non-motile and formed yellow colonies on R2A agar. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that the strain formed a separate lineage within the family Microbacteriaceae, exhibiting 98.0%, 97.7% and 97.6% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Glaciihabitans tibetensis KCTC 29148T, Frigoribacterium faeni KACC 20509T and Lysinibacter cavernae DSM 27960T, respectively. The phylogenetic trees revealed that strain CHu50b-6-2T did not show a clear affiliation to any genus within the family Microbacteriaceae. The chemotaxonomic results showed B1α type peptidoglacan containg 2, 4-diaminobutyric acid (DAB) as the diagnostic diamino acid, MK-10 as the predominant respiratory menaquinone, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and an unidentified glycolipid as the major polar lipids, anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, and anteiso-C17:0 as the major fatty acids, and a DNA G + C content of 67.3 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain CHu50b-6-2T could be distinguished from all genera within the family Microbacteriaceae and represents a novel genus, Lacisediminihabitans gen. nov., with the name Lacisediminihabitans profunda sp. nov., in the family Microbacteriaceae. The type strain is CHu50b-6-2T (= KCTC 49081T = JCM 32673T).
Project description:We isolated a novel strain, R1DC25<sup>T</sup>, described as <i>Kaustia mangrovi</i> gen. nov. sp. nov. from the sediments of a mangrove forest on the coast of the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia. This isolate is a moderately halophilic, aerobic/facultatively anaerobic Gram-stain-negative bacterium showing optimum growth at between 30 and 40 °C, at a pH of 8.5 and with 3-5 % NaCl. The genome of R1DC25<sup>T</sup> comprises a circular chromosome that is 4 630 536 bp in length, with a DNA G+C content of 67.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and whole-genome multilocus sequence analysis of 120 concatenated single-copy genes revealed that R1DC25<sup>T</sup> represents a distinct lineage within the family <i>Parvibaculaceae</i> in the order <i>Rhizobiales</i> within the class <i>Alphaproteobacteria</i>. R1DC25<sup>T</sup> showing 95.8, 95.3 and 94.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with <i>Rhodoligotrophos appendicifer</i>, <i>Rhodoligotrophos jinshengii</i> and <i>Rhodoligotrophos defluvii</i>, respectively. The predominant quinone was Q-10, and the polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol, as well as several distinct aminolipids and lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C<sub>19 : 0</sub> cyclo <i>ω</i>8<i>c</i>, a combination of C<sub>18 : 1</sub> <i>ω</i>7<i>c</i> and/or C<sub>18 : 1</sub> <i>ω</i>6<i>c</i> and C<sub>16 : 0</sub>. On the basis of the differences in the phenotypic, physiological and biochemical characteristics from its known relatives and the results of our phylogenetic analyses, R1DC25<sup>T</sup> (=KCTC 72348<sup>T</sup>;=JCM 33619<sup>T</sup>;=NCCB 100699<sup>T</sup>) is proposed to represent a novel species in a novel genus, and we propose the name <i>Kaustia mangrovi</i> gen. nov., sp. nov. (<i>Kaustia,</i> subjective name derived from the abbreviation KAUST for King Abdullah University of Science and Technology; <i>mangrovi</i>, of a mangrove).
Project description:Five strains of anaerobic, gram-negative bacilli isolated from the human oral cavity were subjected to a comprehensive range of phenotypic and genotypic tests and were found to comprise a homogeneous group. Phylogenetic analysis of full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these strains represented a novel group within the family Prevotellaceae, and the most closely related species was Prevotella tannerae. P. tannerae and the novel taxon are deeply branched from the genus Prevotella, with sequence identities to the type strain of the type species of Prevotella, Prevotella melaninogenica, of 82.2 and 85.6?%, respectively. The novel genus Alloprevotella gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate the novel species Alloprevotella rava gen. nov., sp. nov. and the previously named Prevotella tannerae Moore et al. 1994 as Alloprevotella tannerae gen. nov., comb. nov. The type species is Alloprevotella tannerae. The type strain of Alloprevotella rava is 81/4-12(T) (?=?DSM 22548(T) ?=?CCUG 58091(T)) and the type strain of Alloprevotella tannerae is ATCC 51259(T) ?=?CCUG 34292(T) ?=?CIP 104476(T) ?=?NCTC 13073(T). Alloprevotella rava is weakly to moderately saccharolytic and produces moderate amounts of acetic acid and major amounts of succinic acid as end products of fermentation. Strains are sensitive to 20?% bile and hydrolyse gelatin. The principal cellular long-chain fatty acids are anteiso-C15?:?0, iso-C15?:?0, C16?:?0, iso-C17?:?0 and iso-C17?:?0 3-OH. The G+C content of the DNA of the type strain is 47 mol%.
Project description:Honey bees and bumble bees harbour a small, defined set of gut bacterial associates. Strains matching sequences from 16S rRNA gene surveys of bee gut microbiotas were isolated from two honey bee species from East Asia. These isolates were mesophlic, non-pigmented, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The major fatty acids were iso-C15?:?0, iso-C17?:?0 3-OH, C16?:?0 and C16?:?0 3-OH. The DNA G+C content was 29-31?mol%. They had ?87?% 16S rRNA gene sequence identity to the closest relatives described. Phylogenetic reconstruction using 20 protein-coding genes showed that these bee-derived strains formed a highly supported monophyletic clade, sister to the clade containing species of the genera Chryseobacterium and Elizabethkingia within the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, we propose placing these strains in a novel genus and species: Apibacter adventoris gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Apibacter adventoris is wkB301T (?=?NRRL B-65307T?=?NCIMB 14986T).
Project description:Bacterial strains CNX-216(T) and CNU-914(T) were isolated from marine sediment samples collected from Palmyra Atoll and off Catalina Island, respectively. Both strains were gram-negative and aerobic and produce deep-orange to pink colonies and alkaloid secondary metabolites. Cells of strain CNX-216(T) were short, non-motile rods, whereas cells of strain CNU-914(T) were short, curved rods with gliding motility. The DNA G+C contents of CNX-216(T) and CNU-914(T) were respectively 57.7 and 44.4 mol%. Strains CNX-216(T) and CNU-914(T) contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15?:?0 and C16?:?1?5c as the major fatty acids. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that both strains belong to the order Cytophagales in the phylum Bacteroidetes. Strain CNX-216(T) exhibited low 16S rRNA gene sequence identity (87.1?%) to the nearest type strain, Cesiribacter roseus 311(T), and formed a well-supported lineage that is outside all currently described families in the order Cytophagales. Strain CNU-914(T) shared 97.6?% 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with 'Porifericola rhodea' N5EA6-3A2B and, together with 'Tunicatimonas pelagia' N5DB8-4 and four uncharacterized marine bacteria isolated as part of this study, formed a lineage that is clearly distinguished from other families in the order Cytophagales. Based on our polyphasic taxonomic characterization, we propose that strains CNX-216(T) and CNU-914(T) represent novel genera and species, for which we propose the names Mooreia alkaloidigena gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain CNX-216(T) ?=?DSM 25187(T) ?=?KCCM 90102(T)) and Catalinimonas alkaloidigena gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain CNU-914(T) ?=?DSM 25186(T) ?=?KCCM 90101(T)) within the new families Mooreiaceae fam. nov. and Catalimonadaceae fam. nov.
Project description:Three highly alkaliphilic bacterial strains designated as A1<sup>T</sup>, H1<sup>T</sup> and B1<sup>T</sup> were isolated from two highly alkaline springs at The Cedars, a terrestrial serpentinizing site. Cells from all strains were motile, Gram-negative and rod-shaped. Strains A1<sup>T</sup>, H1<sup>T</sup> and B1<sup>T</sup> were mesophilic (optimum, 30 °C), highly alkaliphilic (optimum, pH 11) and facultatively autotrophic. Major cellular fatty acids were saturated and monounsaturated hexadecenoic and octadecanoic acids. The genome size of strains A1<sup>T</sup>, H1<sup>T</sup> and B1<sup>T</sup> was 2 574 013, 2 475 906 and 2 623 236 bp, and the G+C content was 66.0, 66.2 and 66.1 mol%, respectively. Analysis of the 16S rRNA genes showed the highest similarity to the genera <i>Malikia</i> (95.1-96.4 %), <i>Macromonas</i> (93.0-93.6 %) and <i>Hydrogenophaga</i> (93.0-96.6 %) in the family <i>Comamonadaceae</i>. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and phylogenomic analysis based on core gene sequences revealed that the isolated strains diverged from the related species, forming a distinct branch. Average amino acid identity values of strains A1<sup>T</sup>, H1<sup>T</sup> and B1<sup>T</sup> against the genomes of related members in this family were below 67 %, which is below the suggested threshold for genera boundaries. Average nucleotide identity by blast values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization among the three strains were below 92.0 and 46.6 % respectively, which are below the suggested thresholds for species boundaries. Based on phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic characterization, we propose <i>Serpentinimonas</i> gen. nov., <i>Serpentinimonas raichei</i> sp. nov. (type strain A1<sup>T</sup>=NBRC 111848<sup>T</sup>=DSM 103917<sup>T</sup>), <i>Serpentinimonas barnesii</i> sp. nov. (type strain H1<sup>T</sup>= NBRC 111849<sup>T</sup>=DSM 103920<sup>T</sup>) and <i>Serpentinimonas maccroryi</i> sp. nov. (type strain B1<sup>T</sup>=NBRC 111850<sup>T</sup>=DSM 103919<sup>T</sup>) belonging to the family <i>Comamonadaceae</i>. We have designated <i>Serpentinimonas raichei</i> the type species for the genus because it is the dominant species in The Cedars springs.
Project description:A total of 175 yeast isolates were obtained from grease samples. Based on the D1/D2 region of the large subunit (LSU) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene analysis, 150 yeast isolates were identified as belonging to 36 described yeast species, whereas 25 isolates required more analysis. Among the described species, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa was the only Basidiomycetous yeast, whereas 149 isolates were identified as belonging to 35 described species of 15 genera in the phylum Ascomycota, and Candida tropicalis was the most abundant species. A study of lipase production indicated that strain DMKU-JMGT1-45 showed volumetric activity of 38.89 ± 9.62 and 155.56 ± 14.70 U/mL when grown in yeast extract malt extract (YM) and YM supplemented with 1% olive oil, respectively. In addition, this strain intracellularly accumulated lipid, of which the fatty acid profile revealed the major fatty acids to be 39.9% oleic acid (C18:1), 27.61% palmitoleic acid (C16:1) and 14.97% palmitic acid (C16:0). A phylogenetic analysis of the combined multi-locus gene sequences showed that the strains DMKU-JMGT1-45T and DMKU-JMGT4-14 formed a well-separated lineage and could not be assigned to any of the currently recognized genera of the Saccharomycetales. Limtongella siamensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is therefore proposed to accommodate these two strains as members of the order Saccharomycetales.
Project description:To better characterize murine intestinal microbiota, a large number (187) of Gram-positive-staining, rod- and coccoid-shaped, and facultatively or strictly anaerobic bacteria were isolated from small and large intestinal contents from mice. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, a total 115 isolates formed three phylogenetically distinct clusters located within the family Erysipelotrichaceae. Group 1, as represented by strain NYU-BL-A3T, was most closely related to Allobaculum stercoricanis, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 87.7 %. A second group, represented by NYU-BL-A4T, was most closely related to Faecalibaculum rodentium, with 86.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. A third group had a nearly identical 16S rRNA gene sequence (99.9 %) compared with the recently described Faecalibaculum rodentium, also recovered from a laboratory mouse; however, this strain had a few differences in biochemical characteristics, which are detailed in an emended description. The predominant (>10 %) cellular fatty acids of strain NYU-BL-A3T were C16 : 0 and C18 : 0, and those of strain NYU-BL-A4T were C10 : 0, C16 : 0, C18 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. The two groups could also be distinguished by multiple biochemical reactions, with the group represented by NYU-BL-A4T being considerably more active. Based on phylogenetic, biochemical and chemotaxonomic criteria, two novel genera are proposed, Ileibacterium valens gen. nov., sp. nov. with NYU-BL-A3T (=ATCC TSD-63T=DSM 103668T) as the type strain and Dubosiella newyorkensis gen. nov., sp. nov. with NYU-BL-A4T (=ATCC TSD-64T=DSM 103457T) as the type strain.
Project description:We report here the main characteristics of 'Arabia massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3078T gen. nov., sp. nov., 'Gordonibacter massiliensis' Marseille-P2775T sp. nov. and 'Bacilliculturomica massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3303 gen. nov., sp. nov. The culturomics approach combined with taxonogenomics was used to characterize these strains, which were all isolated from a faecal specimen of a 50-year-old Saudi Bedouin woman.