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The synaptic scaffolding protein CNKSR2 interacts with CYTH2 to mediate hippocampal granule cell development.


ABSTRACT: CNKSR2 is a synaptic scaffolding molecule that is encoded by the CNKSR2 gene located on the X chromosome. Heterozygous mutations to CNKSR2 in humans are associated with intellectual disability and epileptic seizures, yet the cellular and molecular roles for CNKSR2 in nervous system development and disease remain poorly characterized. Here, we identify a molecular complex comprising CNKSR2 and the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for ARF small GTPases, CYTH2, that is necessary for the proper development of granule neurons in the mouse hippocampus. Notably, we show that CYTH2 binding prevents proteasomal degradation of CNKSR2. Furthermore, to explore the functional significance of coexpression of CNKSR2 and CYTH2 in the soma of granule cells within the hippocampal dentate gyrus, we transduced mouse granule cell precursors in vivo with small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) to silence CNKSR2 or CYTH2 expression. We found that such manipulations resulted in the abnormal localization of transduced cells at the boundary between the granule cell layer and the hilus. In both cases, CNKSR2-knockdown and CYTH2-knockdown cells exhibited characteristics of immature granule cells, consistent with their putative roles in neuron differentiation. Taken together, our results demonstrate that CNKSR2 and its molecular interaction partner CYTH2 are necessary for the proper development of dentate granule cells within the hippocampus through a mechanism that involves the stabilization of a complex comprising these proteins.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8661060 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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