ImportanceThe long-term survival of patients with laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy (LSTG) for advanced upper-third gastric cancer (AUTGC) and the association of splenic hilar lymph node (LN-10) metastasis with survival remain controversial.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the long-term outcomes of LSTG and the value index of LN-10 metastasis for patients with AUTGC.
Design, setting, and participantsThe Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study 4 (CLASS-04) was a prospective, multicenter, single-arm trial that involved 19 centers in China. A total of 251 eligible patients with clinical stage T2, T3, or T4a upper-third gastric cancer without distant metastases were enrolled from September 1, 2016, to October 31, 2017. The final follow-up was on December 31, 2020.
InterventionsAll patients were enrolled to undergo LSTG.
Main outcomes and measuresThe main outcomes were the 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Multivariate analyses were used to explore the association of LN-10 metastasis with survival.
ResultsAmong the 251 patients, 246 (98.0%; mean [SD] age, 60.1 [9.4] years; 197 [80.1%] male) underwent LSTG and completed the study. The 3-year OS was 79.1% (95% CI, 74.0%-84.2%), and the 3-year DFS was 73.1% (95% CI, 67.4%-78.8%). In addition, the 3-year therapeutic value index of LN-10 dissection was 4.5, exceeding the indexes for the partial D2 LN group (including LNs 5, 6, 11d, and 12a). Nineteen patients (7.7%) with LN-10 metastasis had significantly worse survival than the nonmetastasis group, and multivariate analysis revealed that splenic LN-10 metastasis was an independent risk factor (OS: hazard ratio [HR], 2.38; 95% CI, 1.08-5.26; P = .03; DFS: HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.12-4.63; P = .02). Moreover, patients with LN-10 metastasis were more likely to have recurrence (42.1% vs 20.7%, P = .03), especially when multiple site metastasis was present (21.1% vs 4.4%, P = .01). However, patients with LN-10 metastasis who received adjuvant chemotherapy had significantly better OS and DFS than those without adjuvant chemotherapy and achieved the same oncologic effect as those without LN-10 metastasis.
Conclusions and relevanceThis results of this study suggest that LSTG for AUTGC has feasible long-term outcomes. In addition, patients with LN-10 metastasis may have worse survival and may be more prone to recurrence.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC8689389 | BioStudies |