Hsa_circ_0072389, hsa_circ_0072386, hsa_circ_0008621, hsa_circ_0072387, and hsa_circ_0072391 aggravate glioma via miR-338-5p/IKBIP.
ABSTRACT: Glioma is a primary intracranial tumor with high morbidity and mortality. We acquired miR-338-5p, which suppresses the development of glioma, from the GEO and CGGA databases. In addition, we predicted that hsa_circ_0072389, hsa_circ_0072386, hsa_circ_0008621, hsa_circ_0072387, and hsa_circ_0072391 could relieve the silencing of IKBIP by miR-338-5p. By analyzing genes related to IKBIP expression, possible pathways affecting glioma were identified. This study provides new ideas for investigating multiple circRNAs in ceRNAs.
Project description:Chidamide has a broad spectrum of antitumor activity but its function on glioma remains unknown. The increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) may control glioma risk by promoting its apoptosis and necrosis. Hedgehog pathway is crucial to glioma cell proliferation and controls ROS production. We aimed to explore the effects of chidamide on the levels of miR-338-5p (glioma cell inhibitor), which may regulate Hedgehog signaling, resulting in the changes of RNS. Materials and Methods. Migration and invasion activities of glioma cells were measured by using the Transwell chamber assay. The expression levels of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh), Indian Hedgehog (Ihh), Desert Hedgehog (Dhh), miR-338-5p, and related molecules were detected by using real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and or Western Blot in U87 and HS683 glioma cells. The effects of chidamide on these molecules were measured by using the miR-338-5p inhibitor or mimics in U87 and HS683 glioma cell lines. ROS and RNS were measured by DCF DA and DAF-FM DA fluorescence. Biomarkers of oxidative stress were measured by using a corresponding kit. Apoptosis and necrosis rates were measured by using flow cytometry. Chidamide inhibited the growth rate, migration, and invasion of human malignant glioma cells and increased the level of miR-338-5p. miR-338-5p inhibitor or mimics increased or inhibited the growth rate of U87 and HS683 glioma cells. Chidamide inhibited the levels of Shh, Ihh, migration protein E-cadherin, and invading protein MMP-2. The increase in the level of Shh and Ihh led to the reduction in the ROS and RNS levels. miR-338-5p inhibitor or mimics also showed a promoting or inhibitory function for the levels of Shh and Ihh. Furthermore, miR-338-5p mimics and inhibitor inhibited or promoted the migration and invasion of the glioma cells (P < 0.05). Evaluated levels of miR-338-5p increased oxidative stress level and apoptosis and necrosis rate by regulating the levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress (P < 0.05). Evaluated levels of miR-338-5p increased oxidative stress level and apoptosis and necrosis rate by regulating the levels of biomarkers of oxidative stress (. Chidamide inhibits glioma cells by increasing oxidative stress via the miRNA-338-5p regulation of Hedgehog signaling. Chidamide may be a potential drug in the prevention of glioma development.
Project description:As a vital feature of the microenvironment, hypoxia, especially long-term hypoxia, is known to promote metastasis and lead to poor prognosis in solid tumors. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in important processes of cell proliferation and metastasis in cancers. However, the contribution of circRNAs to metastasis under long-term hypoxia is obscure. In this study, we aim to explore specific functions of circHIPK3 in long-term hypoxia-promoting metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). The hypoxic resistant gastric cancer (HRGC) cell lines we established previously, which were tolerant to 2% O<sub>2</sub> conditions, were used as the long-term hypoxia model. We found that circHIPK3 was upregulated by HIF-2α in HRGC cells, and circHIPK3 facilitated the migration and invasion ability of HRGC cells. Further investigation proved that circHIPK3 promoted metastasis of HRGC cells directly by interacting with miR-653-5p and miR-338-3p to relieve the suppression of neuropilin 1 (NRP1), resulting in the activation of downstream ERK and AKT pathways. Our study identified oncogene functions of circHIPK3 under a long-term hypoxic microenvironment and the possibility of using circHIPK3 as a potential biomarker of long-term hypoxia in GC. In conclusion, circHIPK3 could promote GC metastasis via the miR-653-5p/miR-338-3p-NRP1 axis under a long-term hypoxic microenvironment.
Project description:This study aims to probe the biological functions of long non-coding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 18 (SNHG18) on glioma cells and its underlying mechanism. In this study, SNHG18 expression in glioma tissues was quantified employing GEPIA database; quantitative real-time PCR was adopted to examine the expressions of SNHG18, microRNA-338-5p (miR-338-5p) and forkhead box D1 (FOXD1) mRNA in glioma tissues and cell lines; cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected utilizing cell counting kit-8, EdU and Transwell assays; Western blot was utilized to quantify the protein expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin and FOXD1; dual-luciferase reporter gene and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments were utilized to validate the targeting relationships between SNHG18 and miR-338-5p, as well as miR-338-5p and FOXD1 mRNA 3'UTR; dual-luciferase reporter gene and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were utilized to verify the binding of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) to the SNHG18 promoter region. It was revealed that, SNHG18 expression in glioma was up-regulated and associated with unfavorable prognosis of the patients; knockdown of SNHG18 repressed the malignant biological behaviors of glioma cells, enhanced E-cadherin expression and repressed N-cadherin and Vimentin expressions. MiR-338-5p was a target of SNHG18, and SNHG18 promoted the expression of FOXD1 by decoying miR-338-5p. Additionally, E2F1 could bind to the promoter of SNHG18 to elevate its expression. In conclusion, SNHG18 accelerates glioma progression via regulating the miR-338-5p/FOXD1 axis.
Project description:Glioma is one of the most common tumors in the brain and complete cure still a challenge. The present research aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of circular RNA SMO (circSMO742) in glioma, via targeting miR-338-3p and regulating SMO expression. QRT-PCR was utilized to examine the expression profiles of circSMO742 and microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) in glioma. SMO protein in glioma was tested via western blot. RNA pulldown assay and dual luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the targeting correlation between RNAs. MTT assay, transwell assays and flow cytometry were used to investigate cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and apoptosis, respectively. Tumor xenograft was done to ascertain the effect of circSMO742 knocking down on tumor growth. CircSMO742 and SMO were highly expressed in glioma tissues, while miR-338-3p expression was reduced. CircSMO742 together with SMO could promote cells proliferation, migration and invasion while inhibit cells apoptosis, whereas miR-338-3p showed negative impacts on the cell activity. Knocking down of circSMO742 suppressed glioma growing in vivo. CircSMO742 promoted glioma growth by sponging miR-338-3p to regulate SMO expression. Our research revealed a new molecular mechanism of glioma growth and provide a fresh perspective on circRNAs in glioma progression.
Project description:Background:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to play a crucial role in tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated the function of hsa_circ_0137008 and its underlying molecular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods:Gene expression was conducted by quantitative real-time PCR or western blot. Functional experiments were performed by cell count kit-8, colony formation assay, wound healing, and transwell assays. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down assay were performed to investigate the molecular mechanism of hsa_circ_0137008 in CRC. In addition, the xenograft tumor model was applied to determine the role of hsa_circ_0137008 in vivo. Results:Downregulation of hsa_circ_0137008 was observed in CRC tissues and cell lines. Functionally, overexpression of hsa_circ_0137008 inhibited the proliferation of CRC cells, as indicated by the inhibition of proliferative protein expression (Ki67 and PCNA), reduced cell viability and colony formation ability. Upregulation of hsa_circ_0137008 suppressed the migration, invasion, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CRC cells. Mechanically, hsa_circ_0137008 negatively regulated the expression of microRNA-338-5p (miR-338-5p). Furthermore, hsa_circ_0137008 abated the miR-338-5p mediated promotion on CRC cell progression. Tumor suppressive function of hsa_circ_0137008 was validated in vivo. Conclusion:These findings highlighted the fact that overexpression of hsa_circ_0137008 inhibited the progression of CRC via sponging miR-338-5p, suggesting that hsa_circ_0137008/miR-338-5p axis is a principal regulator of CRC tumorigenesis.
Project description:MiRNAs have been widely reported to be involved in the occurrence and development of cancers. So far, some studies have revealed that miR-338-5p has the functions of tumorigenesis and tumor suppression. However, the role of miR-338-5p in the pathogenesis, progression and treatment of gastric cancer (GC) has not been reported. MiRNAs microarray analysis showed for the first time that miR-338-5p was significantly lower-expression in cisplin-resistant GC cells SGC7901/DDP, and cell viability assay and flow cytometry confirmed that overexpression of miR-338-5p could significantly increase cisplatin-sensitivity of SGC7901/DDP and BGC823 cells. Subsequently, we found that the expression of miR-338-5p in postoperative cancer tissues of GC patients was also significantly lower than the corresponding paracancer tissues. The expression of miR-338-5p in peripheral blood serum of GC patients is generally lower than that of healthy people. Moreover, the low expression of miR-338-5p in the cancer tissues and serum of GC patients was closely associated with larger tumor volume, lymph node metastasis, later stage, and even poorer survival, which was confirmed by close 5-year cases follow-up. ZEB2, as a predictive target of miR-338-5p, its expression was negatively regulated by miR-338-5p and can promote cisplatin-resistance in SGC7901/DDP and BGC823 cells. The expression of ZEB2 in cisplatin-resistant SGC7901/DDP cells and GC tissues were significantly higher than SGC7901 cells and paracancer tissues, respectively. Moreover, the expression of ZEB2 in tumor tissues was negatively correlated with miR-338-5p in tumor tissues and peripheral blood serum of GC patients, and the abnormally high expression of ZEB2 in prospective case studies is positively related with more serious clinical pathology and worse survival. More meaningfully, in a retrospective case study, we found that high ZEB2 expression predicts worse clinical efficacy of platinum chemotherapy. Thus, miR-338-5p-ZEB2 axis have novel diagnostic, therapeutic predictive, and prognostic value in GC patients.
Project description:BACKGROUND:In our preliminary screening, expression of miR-338-5p was found to be higher in primary colorectal cancer (CRC) with metastasis. The autophagy related gene- phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3) appeared to be targeted by miR-338-5p. Here, we provide solid evidence in support of PIK3C3 involved in miR-338-5p related metastasis of CRC in vitro and in vivo. METHODS:The potential clinical relevance of miR-338-5p and its target gene was analysed on benign colorectal polyps and primary CRCs by QPCR. Mouse spleen xenograft experiment was performed to examine the importance of miR-338-5p for metastasis. FINDINGS:PIK3C3 was one of target genes of miR-338-5p. In primary CRCs, expression of miR-338-5p is positively related to tumour staging, distant metastasis and poor patient survival. Patients with higher ratios of miR-338-5p/PIK3C3 also had significantly poor overall survival, supporting their significance in the progression of CRC. Over-expression of miR-338-5p promotes CRC metastasis to the liver and lung in vivo, in which PIK3C3 was down-regulated in the metastatic tumours. In contrast, overexpression of PIK3C3 in miR-338-5p stable cells inhibited the growth of metastatic tumours. Both migration and invasion of CRC in vitro induced by miR-338-5p are mediated by suppression of PIK3C3. Using forward and reverse approaches, autophagy was proved to involve in CRC migration and invasion induced by miR-338-5p. INTERPRETATION:MiR-338-5p induces migration, invasion and metastasis of CRC in part through PIK3C3-related autophagy pathway. The miR-338-5p/PIK3C3 ratio may become a prognostic biomarker for CRC patients. FUND: NCKU Hospital, Taiwan, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
Project description:5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic agent commonly used to treat esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but acquisition of chemoresistance frequently occurs and the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We found that microRNA (miR)-338-5p was underexpressed in ESCC cells with acquired 5-FU chemoresistance. Forced expression of miR-338-5p in these cells resulted in downregulation of Id-1, and restoration of both in vitro and in vivo sensitivity to 5-FU treatment. The effects were abolished by reexpression of Id-1. In contrast, miR-338-5p knockdown induced 5-FU resistance in chemosensitive esophageal cell lines, and knockdown of both miR-338-5p and Id-1 resensitized the cells to 5-FU. In addition, miR-338-5p had suppressive effects on migration and invasion of ESCC cells. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed a direct interaction between miR-338-5p and the 3'-UTR of Id-1. We also found that miR-338-5p was significantly downregulated in tumor tissue and serum samples of patients with ESCC. Notably, low serum miR-338-5p expression level was associated with poorer survival and poor response to 5-FU/cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. In summary, we found that miR-338-5p can modulate 5-FU chemoresistance and inhibit invasion-related functions in ESCC by negatively regulating Id-1, and that serum miR-338-5p could be a novel noninvasive prognostic and predictive biomarker in ESCC.
Project description:Glioma is an extremely aggressive malignant neoplasm of the central nervous system. MicroRNA (miRNA) are known to bind to specific target mRNA to regulate post-transcriptional gene expression and are, therefore, currently regarded as promising biomarkers for glioma diagnosis and prognosis. The aim of the present study was to examine the pathogenesis and potential molecular markers of glioma by comparing the differential expression of miRNA and mRNA between glioma tissue and peritumor brain tissue. We explored the impact of screened core miRNA and mRNA on cell proliferation, invasion, and migration of glioma. An miRNA expression profile dataset (GSE90603) and a transcriptome profile dataset (GSE90598) were downloaded from combined miRNA-mRNA microarray chips in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Overall, 59 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 419 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the R limma software package. FunRich software was used to predict DEM target genes and miRNA-gene pairs, and Perl software was used to find overlapping genes between DEGs and DEM target genes. There were 129 overlapping genes regulated by nine miRNAs between target genes of the DEMs and DEGs. The Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas(CGGA) was analyzed in order to identify miRNAs with diagnostic and prognostic significance. MiR-139-5p, miR-137, and miR-338-3p were validated to be significantly linked to prognosis in glioma patients. Finally, we validated that miR-139-5p affected glioma malignant biological behavior via targeting gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor alpha 1(GABRA1) through rescue experiments. Low miR-139-5p expression was correlated with survival probability and World Health Organization (WHO) grade. MiR-139-5p overexpression inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma in vitro. GABRA1 was identified as a functional downstream target of miR-139-5p. Decreased GABRA1 expression was related to similar biological roles as miR-139-5p overexpression while upregulation of GABRA1 effectively reversed the inhibition effects of miR-139-5p. These results demonstrate a novel axis for miR-139-5p/GABRA1 in glioma progression and provide potential prognostic predictors and therapeutic target for glioma patients.
Project description:The methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2), a transcriptional suppressor, is involved in gene regulation by binding to methylated promoters. We found that MECP2 is overexpressed in gastric cancer (GC), and that Mecp2 knockdown affects the growth of GC cells both in vitro and in vivo. MECP2 can directly bind to the methylated-CpG island of miR-338 promoter and suppress the expression of two mature microRNAs, namely, miR-338-3p and miR-338-5p. Furthermore, miR-338-5p can suppress GC cell growth by targeting BMI1 (B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 homolog). We additionally found that decreased miR-338-5p expression in GC tissues, relative to normal tissues, was significantly negatively correlated with increased BMI1 expression. Silencing MECP2 can indirectly lead to reduced expression of P-REX2, which has been identified as the miR-338-3p target, as well as BMI1 and increasing expression of P16 or P21 both in vitro and in vivo. Altogether, our results indicate that MECP2 promote the proliferation of GC cells via miR-338 (miR-338-3p and miR-338-5p)-mediated antitumor and gene regulatory effect.