AbstractAutophagy-related long non-coding RNAs (arlncRNAs) play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and development of the tumor. However, there is a lack of systematic analysis of arlncRNAs in melanoma patients.Melanoma data for analysis were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. By establishing a co-expression network of autophagy-related mRNAs-lncRNAs, we identified arlncRNAs in melanoma patients. We evaluated the prognostic value of arlncRNAs by univariate and multivariate Cox analysis and constructed an arlncRNAs risk model. Patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups based on the arlncRNAs risk score. This model was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier (K-M) analysis, univariate-multivariate Cox regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Characteristics of autophagy genes and co-expressive tendency were analyzed by principal component analysis and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) functional annotation.Nine arlncRNAs (USP30-AS1, LINC00665, PCED1B-AS1, LINC00324, LINC01871, ZEB1-AS1, LINC01527, AC018553.1, and HLA-DQB1-AS1) were identified to be related to the prognosis of melanoma patients. Otherwise, the 9 arlncRNAs constituted an arlncRNAs prognostic risk model. K-M analysis and ROC curve analysis showed that the arlncRNAs risk model has good discrimination. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that arlncRNAs risk model was an independent prognostic factor in melanoma patients. Principal component analysis and GSEA functional annotation showed different autophagy and carcinogenic status in the high- and low-risk groups.This novel arlncRNAs risk model plays an essential role in predicting of the prognosis of melanoma patients. The model reveals new prognosis-related biomarkers for autophagy, promotes precision medicine, and provides a lurking target for melanoma's autophagy-related treatment.