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Lon protease influences antibiotic production and UV tolerance of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5.


ABSTRACT: Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 is a soil bacterium that suppresses plant pathogens due in part to its production of the antibiotic pyoluteorin. Previous characterization of Pf-5 revealed three global regulators, including the stationary-phase sigma factor sigma(S) and the two-component regulators GacA and GacS, that influence both antibiotic production and stress response. In this report, we describe the serine protease Lon as a fourth global regulator influencing these phenotypes in Pf-5. lon mutants overproduced pyoluteorin, transcribed pyoluteorin biosynthesis genes at enhanced levels, and were more sensitive to UV exposure than Pf-5. The lon gene was preceded by sequences that resembled promoters recognized by the heat shock sigma factor sigma(32) (sigma(H)) of Escherichia coli, and Lon accumulation by Pf-5 increased after heat shock. Therefore, sigma(H) represents the third sigma factor (with sigma(S) and sigma(70)) implicated in the regulation of antibiotic production by P. fluorescens. Lon protein levels were similar in stationary-phase and exponentially growing cultures of Pf-5 and were not positively affected by the global regulator sigma(S) or GacS. The association of antibiotic production and stress response has practical implications for the success of disease suppression in the soil environment, where biological control organisms such as Pf-5 are likely to encounter environmental stresses.

SUBMITTER: Whistler CA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC92065 | BioStudies | 2000-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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