Raffinose Inhibits Streptococcus mutans Biofilm Formation by Targeting Glucosyltransferase.
ABSTRACT: Streptococcus mutans is a representative biofilm-forming bacterium that causes dental caries through glucosyltransferase (GTF) activity. Glucans are synthesized from sucrose by GTFs and provide binding sites for S. mutans to adhere tightly to the tooth enamel. Therefore, if a novel compound that interferes with GTF function is developed, biofilm formation control in S. mutans would be possible. We discovered that raffinose, an oligosaccharide from natural products, strongly inhibited biofilm formation, GTF-related gene expression, and glucan production. Furthermore, biofilm inhibition on saliva-coated hydroxyapatite discs through the reduction of bacterial adhesion indicated the applicability of raffinose in oral health. These effects of raffinose appear to be due to its ability to modulate GTF activity in S. mutans. Hence, raffinose may be considered an antibiofilm agent for use as a substance for oral supplies and dental materials to prevent dental caries. IMPORTANCE Dental caries is the most prevalent infectious disease and is expensive to manage. Dental biofilms can be eliminated via mechanical treatment or inhibited using antibiotics. However, bacteria that are not entirely removed or are resistant to antibiotics can still form biofilms. In this study, we found that raffinose inhibited biofilm formation by S. mutans, a causative agent of dental caries, possibly through binding to GtfC. Our findings support the notion that biofilm inhibition by raffinose can be exerted by interference with GTF function, compensating for the shortcomings of existing commercialized antibiofilm methods. Furthermore, raffinose is an ingredient derived from natural products and can be safely utilized in humans; it has no smell and tastes sweet. Therefore, raffinose, which can control S. mutans biofilm formation, has been suggested as a substance for oral supplies and dental materials to prevent dental caries.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC9241737 | BioStudies |