BackgroundEverolimus has been approved in China for adult patients with TSC-AML (tuberous sclerosis associated renal angiomyolipomas) not requiring immediate surgery and has been previously shown to be an effective treatment option for TSC-AML in the Chinese population.
MethodsThis is an open label, single arm, multi-center Phase IV post-approval commitment study to further assess the safety and efficacy of everolimus in patients with TSC-AML who do not require immediate surgical intervention. The primary outcome was to evaluate the safety of everolimus while the secondary outcome was to evaluate AML response.
ResultsTreatment with everolimus was associated with a clinically meaningful best overall AML response rate of 70% (95% CI: 53.5, 83.4). Of the 38 evaluable patients, 37 (97%) patients experienced a reduction in the sum of volumes of target angiomyolipoma lesions relative to baseline. At Week 12 (n=38), the median percentage change in sum of target AML volume was -56.60%, which further changed by -59.96% at Week 24 (n=38), and by -64.41% at Week 48 (n=22). Throughout the study, renal function remained relatively stable. Patients with TSC associated lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) (N=13) demonstrated a lower than expected rate of decline in pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Everolimus was generally well tolerated with no significant safety findings in Chinese patients. Most of the adverse events were of grade 1-2, and manageable with appropriate dose adjustments and supportive therapies. There were no treatment discontinuation due to AE and no treatment death was reported.
ConclusionsBased on the efficacy and safety data presented in this study, the overall clinical benefit/risk assessment further supports the use of everolimus as a viable treatment option for Chinese patients with TSC-AML.