Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Use of long-range repetitive element polymorphism-PCR to differentiate Bacillus anthracis strains.


ABSTRACT: The genome of Bacillus anthracis is extremely monomorphic, and thus individual strains have often proven to be recalcitrant to differentiation at the molecular level. Long-range repetitive element polymorphism-PCR (LR REP-PCR) was used to differentiate various B. anthracis strains. A single PCR primer derived from a repetitive DNA element was able to amplify variable segments of a bacterial genome as large as 10 kb. We were able to characterize five genetically distinct groups by examining 105 B. anthracis strains of diverse geographical origins. All B. anthracis strains produced fingerprints comprising seven to eight bands, referred to as "skeleton" bands, while one to three "diagnostic" bands differentiated between B. anthracis strains. LR REP-PCR fingerprints of B. anthracis strains showed very little in common with those of other closely related species such as B. cereus, B. thuringiensis, and B. mycoides, suggesting relative heterogeneity among the non-B. anthracis strains. Fingerprints from transitional non-B. anthracis strains, which possessed the B. anthracis chromosomal marker Ba813, scarcely resembled those observed for any of the five distinct B. anthracis groups that we have identified. The LR REP-PCR method described in this report provides a simple means of differentiating B. anthracis strains.

SUBMITTER: Brumlik MJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC92975 | BioStudies | 2001-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

1000-01-01 | S-EPMC177668 | BioStudies
2003-01-01 | S-EPMC150093 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC6049702 | BioStudies
1998-01-01 | S-EPMC106284 | BioStudies
2001-01-01 | S-EPMC92664 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3445519 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC229093 | BioStudies
2003-01-01 | S-EPMC165277 | BioStudies
1999-01-01 | S-EPMC91177 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2786505 | BioStudies