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PTPN2 phosphatase deletion in T cells promotes anti-tumour immunity and CAR-T cell efficacy in solid tumours

ABSTRACT: Although adoptive T cell therapy has shown remarkable clinical efficacy in hematological malignancies, its success in combating solid tumours has been limited. Here we report that PTPN2 deletion in T cells enhances cancer immunosurveillance and the efficacy of adoptively transferred tumour-specific T cells. T cell-specific PTPN2 deficiency prevented tumours forming in aged mice heterozygous for the tumour suppressor p53. Adoptive transfer of PTPN2-deficient CD8+ T cells markedly repressed tumour formation in mice bearing mammary tumours. Moreover, PTPN2 deletion in T cells expressing a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) specific for the oncoprotein HER-2 increased the activation of the Src family kinase LCK and cytokine-induced STAT-5 signalling, thereby enhancing both CAR-T cell activation and homing to CXCL9/10 expressing tumours to eradicate HER-2+ mammary tumours in vivo. Our findings define PTPN2 as a target for bolstering T-cell mediated anti-tumour immunity and CAR-T cell therapy against solid tumours.

PROVIDER: S-SCDT-EMBOJ-2019-103637 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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