Genomics

Dataset Information

35

The Genetic Landscape of Metastasis and Recurrence in HNSCC


ABSTRACT: Recurrence and/or metastasis occur in more than half of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and pose the greatest threats to long-term survival. The genetic alterations underlying recurrent/metastatic HNSCC are unknown. This study represents the first whole exome sequencing (WES) cohort study of patient-matched tumor pairs in recurrent or metastatic HNSCC. Synchronous lymph node metastases are genetically more similar to their paired index primary tumors than metachronous recurrent tumors are. Newly arisen mutations in recurrent or metastatic tumors, may have therapeutic implications. Several genes were found to be mutated in multiple metastatic or recurrent tumors, but not in their respective primaries, including C17orf104, ITPR3, and DDR2. DDR2 mutations have been shown to confer enhanced sensitivity to Src-family kinase (SFK) inhibitors in other malignancies. Similarly, we found HNSCC cell lines harboring endogenous and engineered... (for more see dbGaP study page.)

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

PROVIDER: phs001007 | dbGaP |

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA299346PRJNA299345

REPOSITORIES: dbGaP

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