Deletion of 11q in neuroblastomas drives sensitivity to PARP inhibition [SEQ]
ABSTRACT: SNP arrays were combined with next generation sequencing (NGS) to precisely define the deleted region in 17 primary 11q-loss neuroblastomas and identify allelic variants in genes relevant for neuroblastoma aetiology. We assessed PARP inhibitor olaparib in combination with other chemotherapy medications using both in vitro and in vivo models. Overall design: Next generation sequencing of genes relevant for neuroblastoma aetiology and cancer
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 20170822 22
Purpose: Despite advances in multimodal therapy, neuroblastomas with hemizygous deletion in chromosome 11q (20%-30%) undergo consecutive recurrences with poor outcome. We hypothesized that patients with 11q-loss may share a druggable molecular target(s) that can be exploited for a precision medicine strategy to improve treatment outcome.Experimental Design: SNP arrays were combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS) to precisely define the deleted region in 17 primary 11q-loss neuroblastomas ...[more]
Project description:SNP arrays were combined with next generation sequencing (NGS) to precisely define the deleted region in 17 primary 11q-loss neuroblastomas and identify allelic variants in genes relevant for neuroblastoma aetiology. We assessed PARP inhibitor olaparib in combination with other chemotherapy medications using both in vitro and in vivo models. Overall design: CytoScan HD arrays (Affymetrix) were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from 17 neuroblastoma tumor samples and 7 neuroblastoma cell lines.
Project description:The MYCN locus is amplified in about half of high-risk neuroblastoma tumors. To identify genomic loci occupied by MYCN protein in the MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cell lines NGP, Kelly and NB-1643, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with Next-Generation Sequencing (ChIP-seq) using an anti-MYCN antibody. Overall design: Identification of MYCN occupancy throughout the genome of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial malignancy in childhood and accounts for approximately 15% of childhood cancer deaths. Amplification of N-Myc in neuroblastoma is associated with aggressive disease and predicts for poor prognosis. Novel therapeutic approaches are therefore essential to improving patient outcomes in this setting. The histone deacetylases are known to interact with N-Myc and regulate numerous cellular processes, including differentiation in neuroblastoma. We therefore investigated the antitumor activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitor, panobinostat in the setting of N-Myc amplified neuroblastoma using the TH-MYCN murine model. Continuous treatment of tumor bearing TH-MYCN transgenic mice with panobinostat for 9 weeks led to a significant improvement in survival as compared to mice treated with vehicle, or continuous treatment with panobinostat for a three week period. Panobinostat induced rapid tumor regression with no regrowth observed during the treatment period. Tumor response was associated with an initial apoptosis phenotype mediated via up-regulation of BMF and BIM. When treated was stopped at three weeks 100% of mice relapsed with aggressive neuroblastoma. Differentiation of neuroblastoma into benign ganglioneuroma, with a characteristic increase in S100 expression and reduction of N-Myc expression, was observed in mice treated for nine weeks, resulting in a sustained remission on 90% of mice treated. RNA-sequencing analysis of tumors from treated animals confirmed significant up-regulation of gene pathways associated with apoptosis and differentiation as early as 24 hours after treatment. Together our data demonstrate the potential of panobinostat as a therapeutic strategy for high-risk neuroblastoma patients. Eight homozygous TH-MYCN mice bearing neuroblastomas were treated with either 5mg/kg panobinostat (4 animals) or vehicle (4 animals) for 24hr (two doses) and tumours harvested 4hr post the second dose.
Project description:Analysis of enzalutamide- and/or olaparib-responsive gene expression in prostate cancer cells. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that enzalutamide influences the expression of genes that are involved in important bioprocesses in prostate cance rcells, including DNA damage response genes and this effect may synergize with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib in cytotoxicity to prstate cancer cells. prostate cancer cells were pretreated with enzalutamide or vehicle control DMSO for 24 h, followed by treatment with enzalutamide, olaparib, enzalutamide+olaparib, or vehicle control DMSO for 48 h. Gene expression in enzalutamide+olaparib-treated cells was compared with taht in vehicle control- and single agent-treated cells.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a neural crest-derived embryonal tumor or the postganglionic sympathetic nervous system. Neuroblastomas show heterogeneous biologic and clinical features and , whereas a subset may undergo spontaneous differentiation or regression with little or no therapy, the majorities are difficult to cure with current modalities. The origin of these tumours remains unknown in most cases, although a number of familial cases have been associated with mutations of the ALK gene. In this study we established both phosphoproteomic and gene expression profiles of ALK activity in neuroblastoma cells exposed to first and third generation ALK TKIs, to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms and identify relevant biomarkers, signaling networks, and new therapeutic targets.